Estimating the Private Economic Benefits of Sons Versus Daughters in India

  title={Estimating the Private Economic Benefits of Sons Versus Daughters in India},
  author={Daniel Rosenblum},
  journal={Feminist Economics},
  pages={107 - 77}
ABSTRACT In order to understand the economic incentives behind gender discrimination in India, this paper provides the first estimates of the magnitude of the economic benefits of having a son instead of a daughter. The study estimates large gains from a first-born son to per capita income and expenditure, household assets, and a reduction in the probability the household is below the poverty line. Estimates show that a first-born son may provide economic advantages through a reduction in total… Expand
Son Preferences and Education Inequalities in India
We investigate the impact of son preferences in India on gender inequalities in educational performance and investment. Son preferences can create gender inequalities through two channels:Expand
This paper studies the effects of China’s one-child policy on human capital and income. I build and calibrate a quantitative OLG model with intergenerational transfers. The model generates aExpand


The effect of fertility decisions on excess female mortality in India
In India, many parents follow son-preferring fertility-stopping rules. Stopping rules affect both the number of children and the sex composition of these children. Parents whose first child is maleExpand
Daughters, Education, and Family Budgets Taiwan Experiences
Growth in the education of the labor force is one of the most important determinants of economic growth, and the distribution by sex is a key determinant of gender inequality. In this paper, weExpand
Sons, daughters, wives, and the labour market outcomes of West German men☆
We find a strong association between family status and labor market outcomes for recent cohorts of West German men in the German Socio-Economic Panel. Living with a partner and living with a childExpand
Sibling rivalry and the gender gap: Evidence from child health outcomes in Ghana
Using a rich household survey from Ghana, it is found that on average if children had all sisters (and no brothers) they would do roughly 25-40% better on measured health indicators than if they had all brothers ( and no sisters). Expand
The Effects of Sons and Daughters on Men's Labor Supply and Wages
In this paper, we estimate the effects of children and the differential effects of sons and daughters on men's labor supply and hourly wage rates. The responses to fatherhood of two cohorts of menExpand
Gender gap in parents' financing strategy for hospitalization of their children: evidence from India.
It is hypothesized that households who face tight budget constraints are more likely to spend their meager resources on hospitalization of boys rather than girls, and the results indicate that the gender gap intensifies as the authors move from the richest to poorest households. Expand
Son preference and sex composition of children: Evidence from india
  • S. Clark
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Demography
  • 2011
Empirical evidence is provided from India that son preference has two pronounced and predictable family-level effects on the sex composition of children ever born: first, smaller families have a significantly higher proportion of sons than larger families; and second, socially and economically disadvantaged couples and couples from the northern region of India not only want but also attain a higherportion of sons, if the effects of family size are controlled. Expand
Son Preference and the Persistence of Culture: Evidence from South and East Asian Immigrants to Canada
Preference for sons over daughters, evident in China's and South Asia's male sex ratios, is commonly rationalized by poverty and the need for old-age support. In this article we study South and EastExpand
Market Opportunities, Genetic Endowments, and Intrafamily Resource Distribution: Child Survival in Rural India
The authors "examine how intrafamily resource allocations respond to changes in economic conditions and to genetic differences in children by estimating the determinants of variations in theExpand
The Rising Price of Husbands: A Hedonic Analysis of Dowry Increases in Rural India
  • V. Rao
  • Economics
  • Journal of Political Economy
  • 1993
Dowries in South Asia have steadily risen over the last 40 years and now often amount to over 50 percent of a household's assets. This paper attempts to investigate the reasons behind this increase.Expand