Estimating the Effect of Elite Communications on Public Opinion Using Instrumental Variables *

  title={Estimating the Effect of Elite Communications on Public Opinion Using Instrumental Variables *},
  author={Matthew Gabel},
A central question in the study of democratic polities is the extent to which elite opinion about policy shapes public opinion. Estimating the impact of elites on mass opinion is difficult because of endogeneity, omitted variables, and measurement error. This article proposes an identification strategy for estimating the causal effect of elite messages on public support for European integration employing changes in political institutions as instrumental variables. We find that more negative… CONTINUE READING
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