Estimating net air-sea fluxes from ocean bulk data: Methodology and application to the heat cycle


A novel method to estimate annual mean heat, water, and gas exchange fluxes between the ocean and the atmosphere is proposed that is complementary to the traditional approach based on air-sea gradients and bulk exchange parameterization. The new approach exploits the information on surface exchange fluxes contained in the distribution of temperature… (More)


10 Figures and Tables