Estimating bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) hearing thresholds from single and multiple simultaneous auditory evoked potentials.

Abstract

Hearing thresholds were estimated in four bottlenose dolphins by measuring auditory evoked responses to single and multiple sinusoidal amplitude modulated tones. Subjects consisted of two males and two females with ages from 4 to 22 years. Testing was conducted in air using a "jawphone" transducer to couple sound into each subject's lower right jaw. Carrier frequencies ranged from 10 to 160 kHz in one-half octave steps. Amplitude modulated stimuli were presented individually and as the sum of four, five, and nine simultaneous tones with unique carrier and modulation frequencies. Evoked potentials were noninvasively recorded using surface electrodes embedded in silicon suction cups. The presence or absence of an evoked response at each modulation frequency was assessed by calculating the magnitude-squared coherence from the frequency spectra of the recorded sweeps. All subjects exhibited traditional "U-shaped" audiograms with upper cutoff frequencies above 113 kHz. The time required for threshold estimates ranged from 23 to 37 min for single stimuli to 5-9 min for nine simultaneous stimuli. Agreement between thresholds estimated from single stimuli and multiple, simultaneous stimuli was generally good, indicating that multiple stimuli may be used for quick hearing assessment when time is limited.

DOI: 10.1121/1.2812595

Cite this paper

@article{Finneran2008EstimatingBD, title={Estimating bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) hearing thresholds from single and multiple simultaneous auditory evoked potentials.}, author={James J. Finneran and Dorian S. Houser and Dave Blasko and Christie L Hicks and James Bradley Hudson and Mike Osborn}, journal={The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America}, year={2008}, volume={123 1}, pages={542-51} }