Estimates of the magnitudes of major marine mass extinctions in earth history

  title={Estimates of the magnitudes of major marine mass extinctions in earth history},
  author={Steven M. Stanley},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  pages={E6325 - E6334}
  • S. Stanley
  • Published 2016
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Significance This paper shows that background extinction definitely preceded mass extinctions; introduces a mathematical method for estimating the amount of this background extinction and, by subtracting it from total extinction, correcting estimates of losses in mass extinctions; presents a method for estimating the amount of erroneous backward smearing of extinctions from mass extinction intervals; and introduces a method for calculating species losses in a mass extinction that takes into… Expand
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  • 2021
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Origination and Extinction through the Phanerozoic: A New Approach
  • M. Foote
  • Biology, Geology
  • The Journal of Geology
  • 2003
Observed first and last appearances of marine animal and microfossil genera in a way that explicitly takes incompleteness and its variation into consideration allows estimates of true rates of origination and extinction throughout the Phanerozoic. Expand
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Decoupling of taxonomic and ecologic severity of Phanerozoic marine mass extinctions
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