Estimates of the magnitudes of major marine mass extinctions in earth history

@article{Stanley2016EstimatesOT,
  title={Estimates of the magnitudes of major marine mass extinctions in earth history},
  author={Steven M. Stanley},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  year={2016},
  volume={113},
  pages={E6325 - E6334}
}
  • S. Stanley
  • Published 2016
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Significance This paper shows that background extinction definitely preceded mass extinctions; introduces a mathematical method for estimating the amount of this background extinction and, by subtracting it from total extinction, correcting estimates of losses in mass extinctions; presents a method for estimating the amount of erroneous backward smearing of extinctions from mass extinction intervals; and introduces a method for calculating species losses in a mass extinction that takes into… Expand
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Several localities around the world expose successions of rocks that straddle the Permian–Triassic boundary documenting a common pattern of environmental change. This change testifies to aExpand
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The fossil record raises a key issue: whether the biotic consequences of present-day stresses will more closely resemble the long-term effects of past climate changes or those that cascaded from the mass extinctions. Expand
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The largest mass extinction in the Phanerozoic occurred at the boundary between the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras (about 252 million years ago). The end-Paleozoic extinction that determined the fate ofExpand
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  • Medicine
  • Nature communications
  • 2021
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The results show that both the rate and magnitude of temperature change are significantly positively correlated with the extinction rate of marine animals, and predict that a temperature increase above the pre-industrial level at present rates of increase would likely result in mass extinction comparable to that of the major Phanerozoic events, even without other, non-climatic anthropogenic impacts. Expand
Measuring and Comparing Extinction Events: Reconsidering Diversity Crises and Concepts.
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TLDR
A revision of the concept of "mass extinction," which has no definitional limits on the application of the term with respect to duration, geography, ecology, or taxa affected is suggested, which would be usefully replaced by "diversity crises". Expand
Body length of bony fishes was not a selective factor during the biggest mass extinction of all time
TLDR
The evolution of non-teleostean Actinopterygii (bony fishes) from the Devonian to the present day is explored, and the phylogenetic signal of extinction increases across the mass extinction boundary: extinction of species in the earliest Triassic is more clustered across phylogeny compared to the more randomly distributed extinction signal in the late Permian. Expand
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