Estimates of the direct and indirect radiative forcing due to tropospheric aerosols: A review

  title={Estimates of the direct and indirect radiative forcing due to tropospheric aerosols: A review},
  author={James Haywood and Olivi{\'e}r Boucher},
  journal={Reviews of Geophysics},
  pages={513 - 543}
This paper reviews the many developments in estimates of the direct and indirect global annual mean radiative forcing due to present‐day concentrations of anthropogenic tropospheric aerosols since Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [1996]. The range of estimates of the global mean direct radiative forcing due to six distinct aerosol types is presented. Additionally, the indirect effect is split into two components corresponding to the radiative forcing due to modification of the… 

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