Estimated HIV Incidence in the United States, 2006–2009

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To estimate HIV incidence in the United States using a newly developed method. METHODS The analysis period (2002-2011) was broken down into 3-year periods with overlaps, and HIV incidence was estimated based on the relationship between number of new diagnoses and HIV incidence in each of these 3-year periods, by assuming that all HIV infections would eventually be diagnosed and within each 3-year period HIV incidence and case finding were stable. RESULTS The estimated HIV incidence in the United States decreased from 52,721 (range: 47,449-57,993) in 2003 to 39,651 (range: 35,686-43,617) in 2010, among males from 38,164 (range: 35,051-42,840) to 33,035 (range: 29,088-35,553), and among females from 13,557 (range: 12,133-14,830) to 6616 (range: 5825 to 7120). CONCLUSIONS Using a simple and novel method based on the number of new HIV diagnoses, we were able to estimate HIV incidence and report a declining trend in HIV incidence in the United States since 2003.

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0017502

Extracted Key Phrases

6 Figures and Tables

02004002011201220132014201520162017
Citations per Year

1,492 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 1,492 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Prejean2011EstimatedHI, title={Estimated HIV Incidence in the United States, 2006–2009}, author={Joseph Prejean and Ruiguang Song and Angela L Hernandez and Rebecca A Ziebell and Timothy A. Green and Frances J. Walker and Lillian S. Lin and Qian An and Jonathan Mermin and Amy L. Lansky and H Irene Hall}, booktitle={Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes}, year={2011} }