Establishing the foundation for an applied molecular taxonomy of otters in Southeast Asia

  title={Establishing the foundation for an applied molecular taxonomy of otters in Southeast Asia},
  author={Klaus‐Peter Koepfli and Budsabong Kanchanasaka and Hiroshi Sasaki and H{\'e}l{\`e}ne Jacques and Kristina D. Louie and To Thi Thanh Hoai and Nguyen Xuan Dang and Eli Geffen and Arno C. Gutleb and Sung-yong Han and Thrine Lise Moen Heggberget and Lionel Lafontaine and Hang Lee and Roland Melisch and Jordi Ruiz-Olmo and Margarida Santos‐Reis and Vadim E. Sidorovich and Michael. Stubbe and Robert K. Wayne},
  journal={Conservation Genetics},
Four species of otters (Mustelidae, Lutrinae) occur in Southeast Asia and are considered to be of conservation concern: Aonyx cinerea (Asian small-clawed otter), Lutra lutra (Eurasian otter), Lutra sumatrana (Hairy-nosed otter), and Lutrogale perspicillata (Smooth-coated otter). Among these, L. sumatrana is endemic to the region, yet little is known about its biology, and the precise distribution of all four species in Southeast Asia is not well known. Furthermore, the taxonomy and systematics… 
Phylogenetic relationships of the Malay Peninsula otters (Lutra sumatrana, Lutrogale perspicillata, and Aonyx cinereus) based on DNA sequences of mitochondrial D-loop region.
The phylogenetic relationships among these three otter genera using 401 bp DNA sequences of the D-loop region showed that the three Otter species formed their own monophyletic clade, which implies that L. perspicillata does not belong to the same group as L. sumatrana which has been concluded in several previous molecular studies.
A New Subspecies Identification and Population Study of the Asian Small-Clawed Otter (Aonyx cinereus) in Malay Peninsula and Southern Thailand Based on Fecal DNA Method
The results show that Thai subspecies A. cinereus may have migrated to Kelantan from Thai mainland, and suggest the classification of a new subspecies from Malay Peninsula, the small-clawed otter named A.cinereUS kecilensis.
Biology and Ecology of Asian Small-Clawed Otter Aonyx cinereus (Illiger, 1815): A Review
The Asian small-clawed otter is the smallest among the 13 extant species of otters. It has a large distribution range extending from India in South Asia through Southeast Asia up to Taiwan and
A comparative analysis of the complete mitochondrial genome of the Eurasian otter Lutra lutra (Carnivora; Mustelidae)
The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) sequence of the Eurasian otter Lutra lutra was analyzed and revealed that of the 13 mitochondrial protein-coding genes, ND5 is the most reliable marker for analysis of phylogenetic relationships within the Mustelidae.
What is the taxonomic status of East Asian otter species based on molecular evidence?: focus on the position of the Japanese otter holotype specimen from museum
The phylogenetic relationship among the genus Lutra and taxonomic status of L. nippon was assessed by using the complete sequences of cytochrome b gene of its holotype, and it was suggested that designation of Japanese otter as a separate species from L. lutra will be reconsidered.
Phylogeography of the smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata): distinct evolutionary lineages and hybridization with the Asian small-clawed otter (Aonyx cinereus)
The phylogeography of the smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) was investigated to determine its spatial genetic structure for aiding an adaptive conservation management of the species and uncovered three Evolutionarily Significant Units.
Identification of Two Tentative Strains of European Subspecies of the Eurasian River Otter Lutra lutra lutra (Linnaeus, 1758) from the Partial Mitochondrial Cytochrome b Gene
Results suggest that there are slight differences between the Aand B-line individuals used in the present study, however, further investigations, including re-evaluation of the taxonomy of L. lutra lutra subspecies, are needed to clarify the differences.
The oldest Asian Sivaonyx (Lutrinae, Mustelidae): a contribution to the evolutionary history of bunodont otters
We describe here specimens of the otter Sivaonyx cf. gandakasensis from the late Middle Miocene hominoid-bearing basin of Chiang Muan, northern Thailand. Asian Sivaonyx species were previously
Evaluating the Phylogenetic Status of the Extinct Japanese Otter on the Basis of Mitochondrial Genome Analysis
The Japanese otter lived throughout four main Japanese islands, but it has not been observed in the wild since 1979 and was declared extinct in 2012, and the complete mitochondrial genome of two Japanese otters caught in Kanagawa and Kochi prefectures and five Eurasian otters is determined.
Past and Present Distribution of the Hairy-Nosed Otter Luira sumatrana Gray 1865
The knowledge on the hairy-nosed otters is still inadequate although the taxonomic studies started in Europe during the eighteenth century with specimens brought from Southeast Asia. Currently,


A review of otters (Carnivora: Mustelidae: Lutrinae) in Malaysia and Singapore
Four species of otters have been recorded from Malaysia and Singapore in the past: Lutra lutra (Common or Eurasian Otter), Lutra sumatrana (Hairy-nosed Otter), Lutrogale perspicillata (Smooth Otter)
Phylogenetic relationships of otters (Carnivora: Mustelidae) based on mitochondrial cytochrome b sequences
This work evaluates the relationships among nine of the 13 species of otters and their position in the Mustelidae through phylogenetic analysis of the complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene and indicates that among sampled mustelid taxa, members of the genus Mustela are most closely related to otters.
A phylogenetic study of the Lutrinae (Carnivora; Mustelidae) using morphological data
The phylogenetic relationship of the 13 extant species of otters were analyzed by canonical variate analysis using mensural data and by Wagner analysis using qualitative characters, showing a high degree of concordance.
A revision of the Pliocene and Quaternary Lutrinae from Europe
In this paper, a revision of the Pliocene and Quaternary Lutrinae from Europe is presented. Such a revision, including fossil material, has not been published since the work of Pohle (1919). Three
On the origin of faeces: morphological versus molecular methods for surveying rare carnivores from their scats
It is shown that expert naturalists fail reliably to distinguish pine marten Martes martes faeces (‘scats’) from those of foxes Vulpes vulpes, and recommended that in the future, a multi-evidence approach should be adopted to monitor elusive mammals, involving DNA methods, cast hair identification, camera traps, and non-leading ‘sighting’ questionaires.
Aonyx capensis
The genus Aonyx is monophyletic and phylogenetically linked to the New World otters, with Paraonyx recognized as a valid subgenus and the Congo clawless otter considered under A. congicus.
Neglected taxonomy and continuing extinctions of tuatara (Sphenodon)
The pattern of genetic and morphological differentiation reported here supports a taxonomy dating from 1877 that identified two extant species, one subsequently separated into two subspecies, and warrants increased conserving attention for the single populations of S. guntheri and S. reischeki.
Molecular Phylogeny of Arctoids (Mammalia: Carnivora) with Emphasis on Phylogenetic and Taxonomic Positions of the Ferret-badgers and Skunks
Phylogenetic relationships among the ferret-badger Melogale moschata, the skunk Mephitis mephitis, and 21 other arctoid carnivorans, representing Mustelidae are evaluated through maximum-parsimony phylogenetic analysis of concatenated partial nucleotide sequences.
Genetic distinction of American and European mink (Mustela vison and M. lutreola) and European polecat (M. putorius) hair samples by detection of a species-specific SINE and a RFLP assay
A simple, cheap and reliable molecular method for the genetic distinction of mink is provided based on the amplification of the microsatellite locus Mel 08 that results in a longer PCR product in American mink than in other mustelid species, such as the European mink and the European polecat.