Essai philosophique sur les probabilités

  title={Essai philosophique sur les probabilit{\'e}s},
  author={S. Brodetsky},
OUR students spend little or no time in the study of the classical documents of scientific discovery. This neglect is very much to be regretted, for there can be no doubt that nothing is so inspiring and fascinating as the perusal of the account of a great discovery by the discoverer himself. The personal element, so conspicuously absent in current textbooks, is in this way given its opportunity, especially if the discoverer's account is read in the original language in which it was written… 
Dossier Pierre Duhem Pierre Duhem’s Philosophy and History of Science Introduction
We are pleased to present in this issue a tribute to the thought of Pierre Duhem, on the occasion of the centenary of his death that occurred in 2016. Among articles and book reviews, the dossier
Wittgenstein on Prior Probabilities
Wittgenstein did not write very much on the topic of probability. The little we have comes from a few short pages of the Tractatus, some ‘remarks’ from the 1930’s, and the informal conversations
Journ@l Electronique d'Histoire des Probabilités et de la Statistique Electronic Journ@l for History of Probability and Statistics
We examine Poisson’s personal contribution to the probability calculus, placing it in the mathematical and social context of the beginning of the 19th century (§1). Then we look briefly at Poisson’s
Hoefer (2007, p. 550) offers the opinion that ‘the vast majority of scientists using non-subjective probabilities overtly or covertly in their research feel little need to spell out what they take
Induction and Probability
We will discuss induction and probability in that order, aiming to bring out the deep interconnections between the two topics; we will close with a brief overview of cutting-edge research that
Husserl’s Logic of Probability: An Attempt to Introduce in Philosophy the Concept of “Intensive” Possibility*
Husserl’s insisting reflections on the question of probability and the project of a logic of probability, although persisting throughout his work, published and unpublished, from the Prolegomena to
Probability Theory and Intrinsically Non-Stochastic Phenomena in AI: How to Reject a Metaphysical Issue.
The paper discusses some arguments that have been raised against the use of probability theory in artificial intelligence. We identify two main elements in these arguments: The first is related to
The Discovery of Mathematical Probability Theory: A Case Study in the Logic of Mathematical Inquiry
The fundamental probability set was initially conceived by way of abstraction from an idealized situation, and the imaginative work—literally, the making of a mathematical image or ‘sign’—consisted in abstracting the mathematical form from the image of idealized aleatory conditions.
John Stuart Mill, John Herschel, and the 'Probability of Causes'
  • John V. Strong
  • Philosophy
    PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association
  • 1978
While historians of scientific method have recently called attention to the views of many of John Stuart Mill's contemporaries on the relation between probability and inductive inference, little if
The Inference Fallacy From Bernoulli to Kolmogorov
Bernoulli’s (1713) well-known Law of Large Numbers (LLN) establishes a legitimate one-way transition from mathematical probability to observed frequency. However, Bernoulli went one step further and