Esophageal and vertebral artery injuries during complex cervical spine surgery--avoidance and management.

@article{Grabowski2012EsophagealAV,
  title={Esophageal and vertebral artery injuries during complex cervical spine surgery--avoidance and management.},
  author={Gregory Grabowski and Chris A Cornett and James D. Kang},
  journal={The Orthopedic clinics of North America},
  year={2012},
  volume={43 1},
  pages={63-74, viii}
}
Vertebral artery and esophageal injuries are rare but feared complications of cervical spine surgery. Appropriate understanding of treatment algorithms for prompt intervention in the event of a vertebral artery injury minimizes the risk of exsanguination and/or profound neurologic consequences. Esophageal injuries are often more subtle, and although intraoperative injuries can sometimes be diagnosed at the time of surgery, they frequently do not present until the week after surgery. They can… CONTINUE READING

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