Escherichia coli strains of serotype O51:H40 comprise typical and atypical enteropathogenic E. coli strains and are potentially diarrheagenic.

@article{Moreira2008EscherichiaCS,
  title={Escherichia coli strains of serotype O51:H40 comprise typical and atypical enteropathogenic E. coli strains and are potentially diarrheagenic.},
  author={Fabiana Campiteli Moreira and M{\^o}nica Aparecida Midolli Vieira and Ant{\^o}nio Jos{\'e} Piantino Ferreira and Dennys M. Gir{\~a}o and T{\^a}nia M. I. Vaz and Ana Cl{\'a}udia de Paula Rosa and Terezinha Knobl and Kinue Irino and Edna H Freym{\"u}ller and T{\^a}nia A T Gomes},
  journal={Journal of clinical microbiology},
  year={2008},
  volume={46 4},
  pages={1462-5}
}
Escherichia coli strains of serotype O51:H40 were studied with regard to the presence of several virulence properties and their genetic diversity and enteropathogenicity in rabbit ileal loops. This serotype encompasses potential enteropathogenic strains mostly classified as being atypical enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) strains, which are genetically closer to enterohemorrhagic E. coli than to typical EPEC strains. 

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