Escape of the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi from the scyphomedusa predator Chrysaora quinquecirrha

@article{Kreps1997EscapeOT,
  title={Escape of the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi from the scyphomedusa predator Chrysaora quinquecirrha},
  author={T. Kreps and J. Purcell and K. Heidelberg},
  journal={Marine Biology},
  year={1997},
  volume={128},
  pages={441-446}
}
Abstract The ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi A. Agassiz, 1865 is known to be eaten by the scyphomedusan Chrysaora quinquecirrha (Desor, 1948), which can control populations of ctenophores in the tributaries of Chesapeake Bay. In the summer of 1995, we videotaped interactions in large aquaria in order to determine whether M. leidyi was always captured after contact with medusae. Surprisingly, M. leidyi escaped in 97.2% of 143 contacts. The ctenophores increased swimming speed by an average of 300… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Invasive ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi in Limfjorden (Denmark) in late summer 2007 - assessment of abundance and predation effects.
TLDR
The abundance of M. leidyi in Limfjorden in the late summer of 2007 is assessed and the predation effects of this ctenophore are given and the possible ecological consequences of the mass occurrence are discussed. Expand
Transitions of Mnemiopsis leidyi (Ctenophora: Lobata) from a native to an exotic species: a review
TLDR
The foundations of the ctenophore’s invasive success, which include the source-sink dynamics that characterize Mnemiopsis populations in temperate coastal waters, are reviewed, and the variables most likely to determine whether introduction of Mnemiops to a novel community results in an inconspicuous addition or a disruptive invasion are reviewed. Expand
Protistan epibionts of the ctenophore Mnemiopsis mccradyi Mayer
Mnemiopsis mccradyi, a common coastal ctenophore, was observed to bear two distinct, exclusive assemblages of protistan epibionts. The mobiline peritrich, Trichodina ctenophorii (Estes et al., 1997),Expand
Protistan epibionts of the ctenophore Mnemiopsis mccradyi Mayer
TLDR
The relationship of the epimicrobial protists with their host varied from possible mutualism (vexilliferids), to commensalism (trichodinids) to parasitism (flabellulids and protoodinids), and may benefit from comb plate attachment by enhanced food capture. Expand
Vulnerability of the copepod Acartia tonsa to predation by the scyphomedusa Chrysaora quinquecirrha : effect of prey size and behavior
TLDR
During scyphomedusan–copepod interactions, prey escape ability is important, but ultimately small size is a more effective refuge from predation. Expand
Multigene phylogeny of the scyphozoan jellyfish family Pelagiidae reveals that the common U.S. Atlantic sea nettle comprises two distinct species (Chrysaora quinquecirrha and C. chesapeakei)
TLDR
A paraphyletic Chrysaora raises systematic questions at the genus level for Pelagiidae; accepting the validity of the recently erected genus Mawia, as well as past genera, will require the creation of additional pelagiid genera. Expand
Interactions between native and alien ctenophores: Beroe gracilis and Mnemiopsis leidyi in Gullmarsfjorden
TLDR
Predation rates between the native North Sea ctenophore Beroe gracilis and the introduced Mnemiopsis leidyi were experimentally quantified, suggesting a slight predation impact on the M.Leidyi population. Expand
Effects of climate on relative predation by scyphomedusae and ctenophores on copepods in Chesapeake Bay during 1987-2000
TLDR
Climate clearly affects gelatinous predator abundances, with consequences that cascade throughout the plankton food web, and the balance between medusae and ctenophores in Chesapeake Bay was greatly affected by climatic factors. Expand
Predator-induced vertical behavior of a ctenophore
TLDR
On average, M. leidyi responded to the predator’s presence by increasing variability in swimming speeds and by lowering their vertical distribution, which may help explain field records of vertical migration, as well as stratified and near-bottom distributions of M. leidyi. Expand
Revision of the genus Chrysaora Peron & Lesueur, 1810 (Cnidaria: Scyphozoa)
TLDR
The phylogenetic hypothesis indicates that the genus Chrysaora forms a monophyletic group, with C. achlyos having a basal position in the phylogeny. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 28 REFERENCES
The feeding and growth of the sea nettle,Chrysaora quinquecirrha (Desor), in the laboratory
TLDR
The sea nettle, Chrysaora quinquecirrha medusae, can capture ctenophore prey on its exumbrella, tentacles, and oral arms, where it becomes enveloped by the lip-like folds of the oral arms. Expand
Swimming and feeding by the scyphomedusa Chrysaora quinquecirrha
TLDR
Flow-field velocities, measured by tracking particles adjacent to the bell margin during contraction, increased with bell diameter, and the location of naupliar encounter was influenced by the phase of the pulsation cycle during which entrainment occurred. Expand
Differential Ingestion and Digestion of Bivalve Larvae by the Scyphozoan Chrysaora quinquecirrha and the Ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi.
TLDR
Predation on bivalve veligers by the scyphozoan Chrysaora quinquecirrha and the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi is investigated and the laboratory evidence suggests that the shell of larval bivalves probably offers protection from medusae. Expand
Quantification of Mnemiopsis leidyi (Ctenophora, Lobata) from formalin-preserved plankton samples
TLDR
The tentacle bulbs of the lobate species Mnemiopsis leidyi provide a direct measure of numbers and sizes of the ctenophores in formalin-preserved plankton samples, and these structures remain after preservation in 5 O/ O formaldehyde solution, and can be used to quantify the abundance and biomass of this lobate c tenophore species. Expand
Effects of predation by the scyphomedusan Chrysaora quinquecirrha on zooplankton populations in Ches
The diet, digestion times, and d e n s ~ t ~ e s of Chrysaora quinquecirrha medusae, and densities of their prey were quantified in order to evaluate the importance of this conspicuous scyphomedusanExpand
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (M. sars) (Euphausiacea) a voracious predator on Calanus, other copepods, and ctenophores, in oslofjorden, southern Norway
TLDR
It is concluded that feeding activity of Meganyctiphanes was the cause for the occurrence in the samples of injured Calanus and other copepods, which had evidently been discarded or lost by the predators while in the net or immediately in front of it. Expand
Potential Predation On Fish Eggs By The Lobate Ctenophore Mnemiopsis-Leidyi Within And Outside The Chesapeake Bay Plume
TLDR
The observation that co-occurrence and potential predation are greatest in areas where Chesapeake Bay water mixes with coastal shelf water implies that those fishes that spawn in low-salinity surface waters of well-stratified water columns may afford protection of their eggs from ctenophore predation. Expand
Predation by the ctenophoreMnemiopsis leidyi in Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island
The impact ofMnemiopsis leidyi as a predator was studied quantitatively to determine their feeding rates on mixed natural zooplankton. These studies showed that feeding rate was independent of foodExpand
Predation by gelatinous zooplankton and resource limitation as potential controls of Acartia tonsa copepod populations in Chesapeake Bay
TLDR
It is concluded that A. tonsa populations arc not limited by gelatinous zooplankton predation and rarely by food, and that other predators (c.g. fish, adult copepods) and environmental limitations (e.g., temperature, hypoxic bottom waters) probably affect A.tonsa abundances in this region. Expand
In situ observations of foraging, feeding, and escape behavior in three orders of oceanic ctenophores: Lobata, Cestida, and Beroida
The foraging, feeding, and escape behaviors of members of four genera of oceanic ctenophores were studied by direct observation in the field during the summer of 1987 (7 July to 7 September) on R. V.Expand
...
1
2
3
...