Escape Distance in Ground-Nesting Birds Differs with Individual Level of Camouflage

@article{WilsonAggarwal2016EscapeDI,
  title={Escape Distance in Ground-Nesting Birds Differs with Individual Level of Camouflage},
  author={Jared Wilson‐Aggarwal and Jolyon Troscianko and Martin Stevens and Claire N. Spottiswoode},
  journal={The American Naturalist},
  year={2016},
  volume={188},
  pages={231 - 239}
}
Camouflage is one of the most widespread antipredator strategies in the animal kingdom, yet no animal can match its background perfectly in a complex environment. Therefore, selection should favor individuals that use information on how effective their camouflage is in their immediate habitat when responding to an approaching threat. In a field study of African ground-nesting birds (plovers, coursers, and nightjars), we tested the hypothesis that individuals adaptively modulate their escape… 
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Imperfect camouflage : how to hide in a variable 1 world ? 2
6 Camouflage is an important anti-predator strategy for many animals and is traditionally thought of 7 as being tightly linked to a specific visual background. While much work focuses on optimising 8
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