Escalating Academic Demand in Kindergarten: Counterproductive Policies

  title={Escalating Academic Demand in Kindergarten: Counterproductive Policies},
  author={Lorrie A. Shepard and Mary Lee Smith},
  journal={The Elementary School Journal},
  pages={135 - 145}
Academic demands in kindergarten and first grade are considerably higher today than 20 years ago and continue to escalate. Downward shifts of what were next-grade expectations into the earliest grades are the result of large-scale social trends, for example, the universality of kindergartens, as well as day-to-day pressures felt by teachers, from accountability gates and demands for acceleration from middle-class parents. Narrow emphasis on isolated reading and numeracy skills is detrimental… 
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For children without a childhood.
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