Esca ( black measles ) of grapevine . An overview

  title={Esca ( black measles ) of grapevine . An overview},
  • Published 2004
More than 100 years ago a grapevine disease of unknown etiology was recognized in France and California, where it was called “folletage” (Ravaz, 1898) and “sunstroke” respectively (Anonymous, 1895). In both cases the disorder was considered to be due to a physiological condition resulting from what was called “abrupt changes in the bottom water level.” Research on the pathological nature of the problem started in France in 1898 and is still active today on three continents. It has been… CONTINUE READING

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