Eruption of the Nevado del Ruiz Volcano, Colombia, On 13 November 1985: Tephra Fall and Lahars

@article{Naranjo1986EruptionOT,
  title={Eruption of the Nevado del Ruiz Volcano, Colombia, On 13 November 1985: Tephra Fall and Lahars},
  author={J. L. Naranjo and H. Sigurdsson and S. Carey and W. Fritz},
  journal={Science},
  year={1986},
  volume={233},
  pages={961 - 963}
}
A small Plinian eruption of the Nevado del Ruiz volcano in Colombia ejected 3.5 x 1010 kilograms of mixed dacite and andesite tephra on 13 November 1985, with a maximum column height of 31 kilometers above sea level. Small pyroclastic flows and surges, generated during the initial stage of the eruption, caused surface melting of approximately 10% of the volcano's ice cap, leading to meltwater floods. The erosive floods incorporated soils and loose sediments from the volcano's flanks and… Expand
Mechanisms of degassing at Nevado del Ruiz volcano, Colombia
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