Erroneous analyses of interactions in neuroscience: a problem of significance

  title={Erroneous analyses of interactions in neuroscience: a problem of significance},
  author={Sander Nieuwenhuis and Birte U. Forstmann and Eric-Jan Wagenmakers},
  journal={Nature Neuroscience},
In theory, a comparison of two experimental effects requires a statistical test on their difference. In practice, this comparison is often based on an incorrect procedure involving two separate tests in which researchers conclude that effects differ when one effect is significant (P < 0.05) but the other is not (P > 0.05). We reviewed 513 behavioral, systems and cognitive neuroscience articles in five top-ranking journals (Science, Nature, Nature Neuroscience, Neuron and The Journal of… CONTINUE READING
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