Erosion by the Solar Wind

  title={Erosion by the Solar Wind},
  author={Rickard N. Lundin},
  pages={1909 - 1909}
  • R. Lundin
  • Published 9 March 2001
  • Physics, Geology
  • Science
The solar wind is very efficient at stripping volatiles out of planetary atmospheres, but estimates, for example, by Seki et al ., indicate that Earth atmospheric losses are small. In his Perspective, Lundin discusses how the Earthlike planets differ in their interaction with the solar wind and why Earth has been able to retain its hydrosphere. 

The Solar Wind and the Sun in the Past

Exposure to the solar wind can have significant long term consequences for planetary atmospheres, especially for planets such as Mars that are not protected by global magnetospheres. Estimating the

Solar Wind-Induced Atmospheric Erosion at Mars: First Results from ASPERA-3 on Mars Express

The Analyzer of Space Plasma and Energetic Atoms (ASPERA) on board the Mars Express spacecraft found that solar wind plasma and accelerated ionospheric ions may be observed all the way down to theMars Express pericenter of 270 kilometers above the dayside planetary surface, implying direct exposure of the martian topside atmosphere toSolar wind plasma forcing.

Hydrogen Walls: Mass Loss of Dwarf Stars and the Young Sun

Charge-exchange reactions between a fully ionized stellar wind and the partially ionized warm gas in the interstellar medium create a compressed region of hot neutral hydrogen atoms that are


  • J. Dohm
  • Environmental Science, Geology
  • 2002
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Episodic flood inundations of the northern plains of Mars



Plasma flow in the Mars magnetosphere

A study of the velocity, temperature and density of the shocked solar wind in the vicinity of the Mars magnetospheric tail is presented. It is argued that the deficiency of momentum flux seen in that

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Examining loss rates of four escape routes with high-altitude spacecraft observations shows that the total oxygen loss rate inferred from current knowledge is about one order of magnitude smaller than the polar O+outflow rate, which suggests that there may be a substantial return flux from the magnetosphere to the low-latitude ionosphere.

First measurements of the ionospheric plasma escape from Mars

BEFORE the Phobos mission, the magnetosphere of Mars was relatively unexplored. Basically all data on the charged-particle environment of Mars had come from the Soviet Mars missions (Mars 2, 3, 4 and

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New analyses of martian meteorites and stunning images from the Mars Global Surveyor are breathing new life into the Red Planet, suggesting that water may even now flow on or beneath the frigid surface.

The ionosphere as a fully adequate source of plasma for the Earth's magnetosphere

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Global distribution of crustal magnetization discovered by the mars global surveyor MAG/ER experiment

Vector magnetic field observations of the martian crust were acquired by the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) magnetic field experiment/electron reflectometer (MAG/ER) during the aerobraking and science