Ernst Rüdin: Hitler’s Racial Hygiene Mastermind

@article{Joseph2013ErnstRH,
  title={Ernst R{\"u}din: Hitler’s Racial Hygiene Mastermind},
  author={Jay Joseph and Norbert A. Wetzel},
  journal={Journal of the History of Biology},
  year={2013},
  volume={46},
  pages={1-30}
}
Ernst Rüdin (1874–1952) was the founder of psychiatric genetics and was also a founder of the German racial hygiene movement. Throughout his long career he played a major role in promoting eugenic ideas and policies in Germany, including helping formulate the 1933 Nazi eugenic sterilization law and other governmental policies directed against the alleged carriers of genetic defects. In the 1940s Rüdin supported the killing of children and mental patients under a Nazi program euphemistically… 
Ernst Rüdin and the State of Science
TLDR
There are new insights into long-standing debates about how to remember Rudin and what his story can tell us and Kosters et al. show how eugenics not only shaped Rudin’s research questions, but shaped the very fabric of his research endeavor.
Eugenics ideals, racial hygiene, and the emigration process of German-American neurogeneticist Franz Josef Kallmann (1897–1965)
TLDR
Neuropsychiatrist Franz Josef Kallmann was a product of this interdisciplinary background who showed an ability to adapt to different scientific contexts, first in the field of neuromorphology in Berlin, and later in New York, where his work was well received by geneticists.
Ernst Rüdin’s Unpublished 1922-1925 Study “Inheritance of Manic-Depressive Insanity”: Genetic Research Findings Subordinated to Eugenic Ideology
TLDR
Ernst Rüdin continued to promote prevention of assumed hereditary mental illnesses by prohibition of marriage or sterilisation and was influential in the introduction by the National Socialist regime of the 1933 “Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring” (Gesetz zur Verhütung erbkranken Nachwuchses).
Why Did the Nazis Sterilize the Blind? Genetics and the Shaping of the Sterilization Law of 1933
Abstract The introduction of blindness into the Sterilization Law passed by the Nazis in July 1933, was exceptional, even by the standards of the time. Prior sterilization bills had focused on mental
Pioneers in neurology: Felix Plaut (1877–1940)
TLDR
Felix Plaut was regarded as a pioneer of neuroimmunology, known for his work on neurosyphilis and particularly for demonstrating an immune response with syphilitic psychosis, and published over a hundred papers related to this topic.
The use of the classical twin method in the social and behavioral sciences: The fallacy continues.
The classical twin method assesses differences in behavioral trait resemblance between reared-together monozygotic and same-sex dizygotic twin pairs. Twin method proponents argue that the greater

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 119 REFERENCES
Ernst Rüdin, 1874-1952: a German psychiatrist and geneticist.
  • M. M. Weber
  • Psychology, Medicine
    American journal of medical genetics
  • 1996
TLDR
The connections of Rüdin's department to National Socialism can be understood as one of the main reasons for the critical attitude towards psychiatric genetics in Germany after 1945.
Psychiatric genetics and prejudice: can the science be separated from the scientist?
  • M. Baron
  • Psychology
    Molecular Psychiatry
  • 1998
TLDR
The legacy of Ernst Rüdin, a German psychiatrist and geneticist implicated in eugenic compulsory sterilization and ‘euthanasia’ during the Nazi reign, received close scrutiny in a recent series of articles and Kendler and Zerbin-Rüdin frames a key point of the debate by arguing.
The Nazi Symbiosis: Human Genetics and Politics in the Third Reich
The Faustian bargain - in which an individual or group collaborates with an evil entity in order to obtain knowledge, power, or material gain - is perhaps best exemplified by the alliance between
[Hereditary psychological research in the context of "euthanasia": new documents and aspects on Carl Schneider, Julius Deussen and Ernst Rüdin].
TLDR
Reevaluation of already known archival material and new documents presented here proves that Rüdin had a genuine interest in research which on the one hand made profitable use of the killings, and on the other hand was aimed at formulating scientific criteria for the systematic selection and "euthanasia" of those supposedly unworthy to live.
Ernst Rüdin (1874-1952) and his genealogic-demographic department in Munich (1917-1986): an introduction to their family studies of schizophrenia.
This historical review introduces a series of papers abstracting, reanalyzing and commenting upon family studies of schizophrenia conducted by Ernst Rüdin and his geneologic-demographic department in
Legacy of German psychiatric genetics: hindsight is always 20/20.
TLDR
A number of bioethical questions are raised in the context of the uses and misuses made of genetic information in the service of the Nazi programs of eugenics, "euthanasia," and genocide.
Health, race and German politics between national unification and Nazism 1870–1945
From degeneration to genetic susceptibility, from eugenics to genethics, from Bezugsziffer to LOD score: the history of psychiatric genetics
TLDR
It is argued that psychiatric genetics has not only propelled the understanding of mental disorders but has significantly benefited genetic research into other complex disorders through the development of methodologically robust approaches (e.g., systematic phenotype characterisation, methods to control for ascertainment biases, age-correction).
Psychiatric genocide: Nazi attempts to eradicate schizophrenia.
TLDR
The number of individuals with schizophrenia who were sterilized and murdered by the Nazis and the effect on the subsequent prevalence and incidence of this disease is estimated to be between 220,000 and 269,500.
Mood Genes: Hunting for the Origins of Mania and Depression
  • Karen K. Bernd
  • Psychology
    Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education
  • 2002
In Mood Genes Samuel Barondes uses a very readable format to recount progress toward understanding the molecular basis of bipolar disorder. The chapters range from autobiographical accounts of Dr.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...