Ergogenic Aids: A Review of Basic Science, Performance, Side Effects, and Status in Sports

@article{Tokish2004ErgogenicAA,
  title={Ergogenic Aids: A Review of Basic Science, Performance, Side Effects, and Status in Sports},
  author={John M. Tokish and Mininder S Kocher and Richard J. Hawkins},
  journal={The American Journal of Sports Medicine},
  year={2004},
  volume={32},
  pages={1543 - 1553}
}
The use of drugs and supplements to enhance performance has become a part of mainstream athletics. Many team physicians and sports medicine practitioners are unfamiliar with the benefits and risks of these products and thus are unable to educate young athletes on this topic. In spite of numerous reports on the health risks of anabolic steroid use, 1 to 3 million Americans have used them. Human growth hormone has been tried by up to 5% of 10th graders, although no scientific study has shown that… Expand
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