Erbium-doped silicon grown by molecular beam epitaxy


The incorporation of Er in crystalline Si during MBE on Si(100) at 400-700/spl deg/C in vacuum (8/spl times/10/sup -9/ torr) has been investigated by SIMS, RBS, TEM and luminescence spectroscopy. The Er concentration was varied from 8/spl times/10/sup 18/ to 4/spl times/10/sup 19/ cm/sup -3/. The co-doping with Er, O/sub 2/ and C was happening during the MBE growth, but the doping levels of the impurities-co-activators of luminescence were lower than the Er concentration. Unintended co-doping of epitaxial layers with O/sub 2/ and C resulted in the formation of Er-O- and Er-C-related optically active centers with narrow linewidths. The simultaneous formation of these sharp lines has been observed in the samples grown at substrate temperatures /spl les/500/spl deg/C. At the higher temperatures, wide SiO/sub 2/-like Er-related lines dominated in the photoluminescence (PL) spectra. The maximum of Er-related PL intensity was observed at an Er concentration of /spl sim/2/spl times/10/sup 19/ cm/sup -3/. In this sample, plate-like ErSi/sub 2/ precipitates distributed over the layer and sphere-like Er precipitates located at the interface were observed. A study of the temperature dependence of the Er-related PL intensity revealed two quenching mechanisms with activation energies of 22 and 170 meV.

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@article{Sobolev2004ErbiumdopedSG, title={Erbium-doped silicon grown by molecular beam epitaxy}, author={N M Sobolev and D . S . Denisov and A. M. Emel'yanov and E Shek and D. I. Kryzhkov and B I Andreev and Z F Krasil'nik and V. A. Vdovin and Pepijn Vemer and N L Zakharov}, journal={Proceedings. 7th International Conference on Solid-State and Integrated Circuits Technology, 2004.}, year={2004}, volume={3}, pages={2387-2390 vol.3} }