Eratosthenes’ Parallel of Rhodes and the History of the System of Climata

  title={Eratosthenes’ Parallel of Rhodes and the History of the System of Climata},
  author={Dmitriy Shcheglov},
  pages={351 - 359}
  • D. Shcheglov
  • Published 1 February 2006
  • Environmental Science
  • Klio
Ptolemy was the first to use the so-called system of seven climata (Almagest 2.12 Heiberg I 172—187) which, due to his authority, was later to become one of the canonical elements of late antique, medieval European and Arabian geography. Κλίμα, taken as a technical geographical term, may be defined as the latitude which is expressed in terms of the length of the longest solstitial day (in equinoctial hours and fractions of an hour).1 Κλίματα constituted a table of latitudes progressing by… 
5 Citations
A statistical approach to latitude measurements: Ptolemy's and Riccioli's geographical works as case studies
Abstract. The aim of this work is to analyze latitude measurements typically used in historical geographical works through a statistical approach. We use two sets of different age as case studies:
Subversive Geography in Tacitus' Germania
  • Zoë M. Tan
  • Geography, Sociology
    Journal of Roman Studies
  • 2014
Abstract Geography is a fundamental element of ancient ethnography, yet the account of the environment in Tacitus' Germania is notably sparse. Standard elements of geographic description are absent,