Equality of opportunity: A progress report

@article{Roemer2002EqualityOO,
  title={Equality of opportunity: A progress report},
  author={John E. Roemer},
  journal={Social Choice and Welfare},
  year={2002},
  volume={19},
  pages={455-471}
}
  • J. Roemer
  • Published 10 April 2002
  • Economics
  • Social Choice and Welfare
Probably the most universally supported conception of justice in advanced societies is that of equal opportunity. What does this mean, and how can it be formalized? The first treatment of this problem in social choice theory involved interpreting equality of opportunity as equality of opportunity sets, that is, rendering the sets of choices available to di¤erent individuals the same. In my view, this literature was too abstract – it failed to take su‰cient cues from popular and long-standing… 
Equality of Opportunity: Policy and Measurement Paradigms
Equality of opportunity is a widely accepted principle of distributive justice and it is the leading idea of most political platforms in several countries. According to this principle, a society
How Demanding Should Equality of Opportunity Be, and How Much Have We Achieved?
Excerpt] This chapter proposes tests of various notions of equality of opportunity and applies them to intergenerational income data for the United States and Britain. Agreement is widespread that
Defending Equality of Opportunity
The theory of equal opportunity as I have expounded it in Roemer (1993, 1996, 1998, 2002) uses a language comprising five words: objective, circumstance, type, effort, and policy. The objective is
EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY AND OPPORTUNITY DOMINANCE
All conceptions of equal opportunity draw on some distinction between morally justified and unjustified inequalities. We discuss how this distinction varies across a range of philosophical positions.
Beyond Equal Rights: Equality of Opportunity in Political Participation
It is well understood that political participation is stratified by socio-economic characteristics. Yet it is an open question how this finding bears on the normative evaluation of the democratic
Fairness, responsibility, and welfare
What is a fair distribution of resources and other goods when individuals are partly responsible for their achievements? This book develops a theory of fairness incorporating a concern for personal
Equality of Opportunity
Democratic Equality and Responsibility: the Opportunity Costs of Primary Goods
This thesis first critically analyzes John Rawls’s second principle of justice as a democratic conception of equality and the challenge posed to that conception by Ronald Dworkin’s ‘Equality of
Economic dynamics of equality and classes.
This dissertation analyses the dynamics of inequality and classes, from a positive and a normative viewpoint, focusing on two distinct, but related approaches - Analytical Marxism and the theory of
The value of effort
What is effort and why do we value it? This thesis examines various ways in which effort has been used to answer questions of distributive justice. I begin with effort’s role as the unique legitimate
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-6 OF 6 REFERENCES
Equality of Opportunity
This forthcoming chapter in the Handbook of Income Distribution (eds., A. Atkinson and F. Bourguignon) summarizes the literature on equality of opportunity. We begin by reviewing the philosophical
What is Equality? Part 2: Equality of Resources
L'egalite des ressources privees presuppose une forme de marche economique. L'A. tente de definir un modele pertinent de ce marche, fonde sur une adjudication prenant en compte les desirs de chacun.
What is Equality? Part 1: Equality of Welfare
Comment peut-on envisager une egalite des biens par distribution? Quels criteres faudrait-il prendre en compte? Quels sont sur ce point les theories en presence?.
Equalizing opportunities through educational finance
  • 2001
To what extent do fiscal systems equalize opportunities for income among citizens ?
  • J Public Econ
Equality of opportunity To what extent do fiscal systems equalize opportunities for income among citizens?
  • J Public Econ
  • 1998