Epistemology and cognition

  title={Epistemology and cognition},
  author={Paul Thagard},
Causation in memory: necessity, reliability and probability
In this paper, I argue that causal theories of memory are typically committed to two independent, non-mutually entailing theses. The first thesis pertains to the necessity of appropriate causation in
Do framing effects make moral intuitions unreliable?
I address Sinnott-Armstrong's argument that evidence of framing effects in moral psychology shows that moral intuitions are unreliable and therefore not noninferentially justified. I begin by
The Epistemic Status of Processing Fluency as Source for Judgments of Truth
This article combines findings from cognitive psychology on the role of processing fluency in truth judgments with epistemological theory on justification of belief to show that fluency is a reliable cue to truth.
Reliability and Validity of Experiment in the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
The concept of reliability has been definedtraditionally by philosophers of science as a feature that an experiment has when it can be used to arrive at true descriptive or explanatory claims about
Toward A Cognitive Science Of Beliefs
Beliefs are, or at least appear to be, integral to cognition and action. Though there are scarcely features of human psychology more intuitive to their bearers, beliefs are surprisingly elusive
Reasons for Reliabilism
  • Bob Beddor
  • Philosophy
    Reasons, Justification, and Defeat
  • 2021
One leading approach to justification comes from the reliabilist tradition, which maintains that a belief is justified provided that it is reliably formed. Another comes from the ‘Reasons First’
Naturalismo confiabilista contra el escepticismo cartesiano y la noción de justificación
In this work, we explain why naturalized epistemology occupies such an important place in contemporary philosophy and why it distances itself so radically from traditional epistemology. For this we
The paper discusses how evidentiality and conjunct/disjunct marking in grammar are related to reliabilism, a contemporary theory of epistemic justification developed within the Anglo-American
Reliabilism without Epistemic Consequentialism
  • Kurt Sylvan
  • Philosophy
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research
  • 2018
This paper argues that reliabilism can plausibly live without epistemic consequentialism, either as part of a non-consequentialist normative theory or as a non-normative account of knowledge on a par
Theoretical Understanding in Science
  • M. Newman
  • Philosophy
    The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
  • 2017
A philosophical theory that specifies the conditions that are both necessary and sufficient for a scientist to satisfy the construction ‘S understands theory T ’ is developed and can be made philosophically robust and provide a more sophisticated account than the authors see from models of a similar kind developed by those working in the psychology of physics and artificial intelligence.


The Architecture of Cognition
Now available in paper, The Architecture of Cognition is a classic work that remains relevant to theory and research in cognitive science. The new version of Anderson's theory of cognitive
Computational Philosophy of Science
By applying research in artificial intelligence to problems in the philosophy of science, Paul Thagard develops an exciting new approach to the study of scientific reasoning. He uses computational
Induction: Processes of Inference, Learning, and Discovery
Induction is the first major effort to bring the ideas of several disciplines to bear on a subject that has been a topic of investigation since the time of Socrates and is included in the Computational Models of Cognition and Perception Series.