Epigenetic mechanism causes Wnt9b deficiency and nonsyndromic cleft lip and palate in the A/WySn mouse strain.

@article{Juriloff2014EpigeneticMC,
  title={Epigenetic mechanism causes Wnt9b deficiency and nonsyndromic cleft lip and palate in the A/WySn mouse strain.},
  author={Diana M. Juriloff and Muriel J. Harris and Dixie L. Mager and Liane Gagnier},
  journal={Birth defects research. Part A, Clinical and molecular teratology},
  year={2014},
  volume={100 10},
  pages={772-88}
}
BACKGROUND The heritable multifactorial etiology of human nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL ± P) is not understood. CL ± P occurs in 15% of neonates in the homozygous A/WySn mouse strain, with a multifactorial genetic etiology, the clf1 and clf2 variant genes. Clf1 acts as a mutant allele of Wnt9b but its coding sequence is normal. An IAP (intracisternal A particle) retrotransposon inserted near the Wnt9b gene is associated with clf1. METHODS Transcription of noncoding… CONTINUE READING
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