Epidural analgesia in thoracic trauma: effects of lumbar morphine and thoracic bupivacaine on pulmonary function.

@article{Cicala1990EpiduralAI,
  title={Epidural analgesia in thoracic trauma: effects of lumbar morphine and thoracic bupivacaine on pulmonary function.},
  author={R S Cicala and Guy R. Voeller and T. H. Fox and Timothy C. Fabian and Kenneth A. Kudsk and Eugene C. Mangiante},
  journal={Critical care medicine},
  year={1990},
  volume={18 2},
  pages={229-31}
}
Changes in pulmonary function tests were compared in 14 thoracic trauma patients, of whom seven received thoracic epidural bupivacaine for analgesia and seven received lumbar epidural morphine. In both groups epidural analgesia decreased subjective pain levels when compared to parenteral narcotics which the patients received before epidural catheter placement. Patients in the bupivacaine group had statistically significant improvements in vital capacity and forced expiratory volume, and a… CONTINUE READING
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