Epidermal and dermal integumentary structures of ankylosaurian dinosaurs

  title={Epidermal and dermal integumentary structures of ankylosaurian dinosaurs},
  author={Victoria M. Arbour and Michael E Burns and Phil R. Bell and Philip J. Currie},
  journal={Journal of Morphology},
Ankylosaurian dinosaurs are most notable for their abundant and morphologically diverse osteoderms, which would have given them a spiky appearance in life. Isolated osteoderms are relatively common and provide important information about the structure of the ankylosaur dermis, but fossilized impressions of the soft‐tissue epidermis of ankylosaurs are rare. Nevertheless, well‐preserved integument exists on several ankylosaur fossils that shows osteoderms were covered by a single epidermal scale… 
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Comparative anatomy and histology of xenarthran osteoderms
  • R. Hill
  • Geography, Biology
    Journal of morphology
  • 2006
New information is presented on the comparative morphology and histology of osteoderms and their associated soft tissues in 11 extant and fossil xenarthrans to represent a relatively robust foundation upon which to base soft‐tissue reconstructions of extinct xenarthans.