Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Mutations and Prognosis in Pathologic N1-N2 Pulmonary Adenocarcinoma.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Advanced unresectable pulmonary adenocarcinoma with the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 21 L858R point mutation (Ex21) is associated with a poor prognosis. However, for early-stage resectable adenocarcinoma, Ex21 tumors have a lower-grade malignancy than exon 19 deleted (Ex19) tumors. We therefore investigated the effect of EGFR mutations on the prognosis in patients with completely resected pN1-N2 adenocarcinoma. METHODS Five-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed in 202 pN1-N2 pulmonary adenocarcinoma patients, 100 of whom had EGFR mutations, comprising Ex21 in 41 (20.3%), Ex19 in 55 (27.2%), and Ex18 in 4 (2%). RESULTS Patients with and without EGFR mutations had similar DFS (26.2% vs 24.6%, respectively; p = 0.280) and OS (64.9% vs 54.2%, respectively; p = 0.564). Patients with Ex19 tumors had significantly better DFS (38.8% vs 11.8%, p = 0.001) and tended to have better OS (78.3% vs 48.3%, p = 0.123) than those with Ex21 tumors. For pN1, patients with Ex19 tumors had a longer disease-free interval (54.0 vs 22.3 months, p = 0.003) and median survival time (81.0 vs 50.6 months, p = 0.022) than those with Ex21 tumors. For pN2, patients with Ex19 tumors had longer disease-free interval than those with Ex21 tumors (43.6 vs 30.1 months, p = 0.109). Multivariate analysis showed Ex21 was a prognosticator of poor DFS (hazard ratio, 2.25; 95% confidence interval, 1.21 to 4.20). CONCLUSIONS For pN1-N2 pulmonary adenocarcinoma, Ex21 mutation was associated with poorer prognosis than Ex19 mutation. Thus, EGFR mutation status should be considered when predicting prognosis.

DOI: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2016.06.001

Cite this paper

@article{Isaka2016EpidermalGF, title={Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Mutations and Prognosis in Pathologic N1-N2 Pulmonary Adenocarcinoma.}, author={Tetsuya Isaka and Haruhiko Nakayama and Tomoyuki Yokose and Hiroyuki Ito and Yohei Miyagi and Tomohiko Matsuzaki and Masashi Nagata and Hideyuki Furumoto and Teppei Nishii and Kayoko Katayama and Kouzo Yamada and Munetaka Masuda}, journal={The Annals of thoracic surgery}, year={2016}, volume={102 6}, pages={1821-1828} }