Epidemiology of headache in Europe

  title={Epidemiology of headache in Europe},
  author={Lars Jacob Stovner and J. A. Zwart and Knut Hagen and Gisela M. Terwindt and Julio Pascual},
  journal={European Journal of Neurology},
The present review of epidemiologic studies on migraine and headache in Europe is part of a larger initiative by the European Brain Council to estimate the costs incurred because of brain disorders. Summarizing the data on 1‐year prevalence, the proportion of adults in Europe reporting headache was 51%, migraine 14%, and ‘chronic headache’ (i.e. ≥15 days/month or ‘daily’) 4%. Generally, migraine, and to a lesser degree headache, are most prevalent during the most productive years of adulthood… 

Prevalence of headache in Europe: a review for the Eurolight project

An update on studies on headache epidemiology is done as a preparation for the multinational European study on the prevalence and burden of headache and the impact of different methodological issues on the results are investigated.

Impact of headache in Europe: a review for the Eurolight project

The present literature survey was made in order to summarize what is known on the subject, as a preparation for a EU-supported study to assess the impact in several EU countries with similar methodology and the same research instrument.

Epidemiology of headache.

Epidemiology and comorbidity of headache

Prevalence of chronic migraine and medication overuse headache in Germany—the German DMKG headache study

The higher prevalence of smokers and of patients with a body mass index ≥ 30 in chronic migraine or MOH supports the idea of a frontal dysfunction in these patients, and suggests that migraine with high attack frequency might be biologically different.

The impact of headache in Europe: principal results of the Eurolight project

The common headache disorders have very high personal impact in the EU, with important implications for health policy, and most measures indicated higher impact among females.

Epidemiology of Headache Disorders in the Asia‐Pacific Region

The prevalence of headache disorders has remained stable over the last 2 decades in this region, where the diversity of geography, race, and development is wide, and the pursuit of better headache care in this area might be the next challenge.

Cost of migraine and other headaches in Europe

The present overview is an attempt to calculate the costs of headache disorders in Europe based on health economic and epidemiological studies.

Prevalence, burden, and cost of headache disorders

Robust and increasing evidence suggests that headache should be taken seriously as a public health problem, not only in the rich countries.

[Headache. Current status of research and treatment].

The starting point for German headache research and clinical education was the engagement of D. Soyka in the 1970s, which enabled the foundation of the German Headache Society (DMKG) on 28 June 1979 and the founding congress of the IHS in Munich 1982, where the first international classification of headache disorders was published.



The Epidemiology of Headache in Germany: A Nationwide Survey of A Representative Sample on The Basis of The Headache Classification of The International Headache Society

The findings suggest that the magnitude of the neurological disorders, migraine and tension-type headache, is seriously underestimated and thus constitutes a major contemporary health problem in Germany.

The Prevalence of Migraine in Women Aged 40–74 Years: A Population-Based Study

It is suggested that the decline of prevalence of active migraine headache with age is caused by a decrease in pain intensity.

Prevalence of primary headaches in Italian elderly: preliminary data from the Zabút Aging Project

Preliminary 1-year prevalence data of recurrent migraine headache, tension-type headache, and other headaches in a rural elderly population in southern Italy are described, finding prevalence rates were higher in women than for men, and tended to decline with increasing age.

One-Year Prevalence of Migraine in Austria: A Nation-Wide Survey

Sex, age, working status and region were found to be the main demographic influencing factors and influences were stress, spinal column problems or weather changes, and the most used acute medications were over-the-counter drugs.

The Prevalence and Disability Burden of Adult Migraine in England and their Relationships to Age, Gender and Ethnicity

Prevalence of migraine varied with age, rising through early adult life and declining in the late 40s and early 50s, and was higher in Caucasians than in other races.

One-Year Prevalence of Migraine in Sweden: A Population-Based Study in Adults

  • C. DahlöfM. Linde
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Cephalalgia : an international journal of headache
  • 2001
The results obtained demonstrate that 21% of the Swedish population had suffered from severe headaches during the past year, and that only 76% of those who believed that they had migraine or migraine-like headaches fulfilled the strict IHS criteria for migraine.

Prevalence of Migraine and Non-Migrainous Headache—Head-HUNT, A Large Population-Based Study

It was found that headache suffering, including migraine, was highly prevalent, especially in younger women, except for ‘frequent non-migrainous headache’, which was nearly constant across all age groups in both genders.

Prevalence of headache in an elderly population: attack frequency, disability, and use of medication

A consistent proportion of elderly people have primary headaches and consultation with a specialist is particularly recommended for patients with moderate or severe attacks, or with CDH.

A Nationwide Survey of Migraine in France: Prevalence and Clinical Features in Adults

Age, gender and occupation were found to be risk factors for migraine and neither frequency and duration of attacks nor length of time of disease differed with gender, however, expressed intensity of attacks was greater in females.