Epidemiology of cardiovascular risk in patients with chronic kidney disease.

  title={Epidemiology of cardiovascular risk in patients with chronic kidney disease.},
  author={Francesco Locatelli and Pietro Pozzoni and Francesca Tentori and Lucia R Del Vecchio},
  journal={Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association},
  volume={18 Suppl 7},
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are highly prone to cardiovascular disease for a number of reasons. At the time of starting renal replacement treatment, their cardiovascular condition is already severely compromised, suggesting that cardiovascular risk factors begin to operate very early in the progression of CKD. Moreover, those patients reaching end-stage renal disease without cardiovascular abnormalities have a high probability of developing de novo cardiovascular disease… CONTINUE READING
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