Epidemiology of age-related macular degeneration.

  title={Epidemiology of age-related macular degeneration.},
  author={Barbara S. Hawkins and Alex Bird and Ronald Klein and Sheila K West},
  journal={Molecular vision},
For more than two decades, researchers have sought to identify "risk factors" for age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a major cause of irreversible vision loss in the Western world, particularly in the elderly. Two issues have complicated this search: failure to differentiate between different stages of AMD and misinterpretation of measures of association (odds ratios) and risk (risk ratios) derivable from different research designs. Fortunately, in more recent epidemiologic studies, more… CONTINUE READING


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