Epidemiology of Posttraumatic Epilepsy: A Critical Review

@article{Frey2003EpidemiologyOP,
  title={Epidemiology of Posttraumatic Epilepsy: A Critical Review},
  author={Lauren C. Frey},
  journal={Epilepsia},
  year={2003},
  volume={44}
}
Summary:  Problem: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of epilepsy. We need to understand its frequency and its contribution to the total spectrum of the convulsive disorders. 
Predicting Posttraumatic Epilepsy with MRI: Prospective Longitudinal Morphologic Study in Adults
Summary:  Purpose: Evaluation of morphologic risk factors for posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE) by using brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in serial assessments ≤2 years after traumatic brain injury
Management of Patient with Traumatic Brain Injury: SDH
TLDR
The incidence of TBI in India has not been published till date although individual state data is published from time to time.
A population‐based study of risk of epilepsy after hospitalization for traumatic brain injury
TLDR
A population‐based sample of older adolescents and adults hospitalized with traumatic brain injury in South Carolina identifies characteristics related to development of PTE within this population.
The Risk Factors and Clinical Features of Posttraumatic Seizure in Preschool-Aged Children
TLDR
This study aimed to identify the clinical characteristics and risk factors of post-traumatic seizure (PTS) in preschool-aged children and found that pre-school-aged girls with a history of trauma have a higher risk of having aTS.
Incidence and risk factors of posttraumatic seizures following traumatic brain injury: A Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Study
Determine incidence of posttraumatic seizure (PTS) following traumatic brain injury (TBI) among individuals with moderate‐to‐severe TBI requiring rehabilitation and surviving at least 5 years.
Unprovoked seizures after traumatic brain injury: A population‐based case–control study
TLDR
To quantify the risk of unprovoked seizures after traumatic brain injury (TBI), a large number of patients with TBI have had at least one seizure in the first few weeks of their lives.
Epilepsy in head injury
TLDR
Adverse sequelae of late posttraumatic seizures include a higher mortality and personality disorders, and anticonvulsant prophylaxis of early seizures is recommended, but such therapy is yet to be proven to prevent late post traumatic seizures.
Risk factors and outcome of seizures after spontaneous aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage
TLDR
A better understanding of the risk factors of seizures following aneurysmal SAH is needed to predict those who will require treatment.
PEDIATRIC TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY
TLDR
Caring for victims with traumatic brain injury is perhaps the most difficult of many professional challenges for nursing staff, requiring both technical and skills and sensitivity to the needs of the relatives.
Sleep‐wake characteristics in a mouse model of severe traumatic brain injury: Relation to posttraumatic epilepsy
TLDR
This work sought to determine whether sleep characteristics could predict development of PTE in a model of severe TBI and found that it did not.
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References

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TLDR
A simple mathematical formula is devised to describe the onset of first fits after injury in head-injured Vietnam veterans and is tabulated so practitioners can use them to assess prognosis calculation.
Post‐traumatic Epilepsy in Children
True clinical post‐traumatic epilepsy in children is obviously a rare occurrence, since in our series of 2500 cases it appears in only 1 % and it is usually benign.
Post‐Traumatic Epilepsy 15 Years later
The post‐traumatic epileptic, in general, has a less favorable outlook for life than a normal person or a head injured individual, but in particular cases, the seizures may cease after a few years
Posttraumatic Epilepsy Risk Factors: One‐Year Prospective Study After Head Injury
TLDR
Evaluation of risk factors for posttraumatic epilepsy by using clinical, EEG, and brain computed tomography data in four assessments from the head injury acute phase to 1 year later and evaluation of the possible epileptogenic role of hemosiderin as shown by brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
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Using data derived from a 15-year follow-up study of 520 veterans surviving penetrating brain wounds received in the Vietnam war, we have developed a predictive formula and tables for posttraumatic
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TLDR
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TLDR
The incidence of seizures has remained the same from one war to another, in spite of marked improvement in patient transport, surgical techniques, medical management, and the prophylactic use of anticonvulsants in Vietnam.
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  • Medicine, Psychology
    Scottish medical journal
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The incidence and character of epilepsy after post-natal, non-missile head injuries admitted to hospital has been studied in some 2,000 patients. A distinction is made between early epilepsy (first
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TLDR
The increased risk of seizures after traumatic brain injury varies greatly according to the severity of the injury and the time since the injury.
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