Epidemiology and Risk Factors of Cholangiocarcinoma.

  title={Epidemiology and Risk Factors of Cholangiocarcinoma.},
  author={Martha M Kirstein and Arndt Vogel},
  journal={Visceral medicine},
  volume={32 6},
BACKGROUND Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is the second most common primary liver cancer, being characterized by its late diagnosis and fatal outcome. Recent epidemiological reports indicate an increasing worldwide incidence of intrahepatic CCA but a decreasing incidence of extrahepatic CCA. METHODS In this review, we present an overview of the incidence and epidemiology of CCA and possible strategies for screening and surveillance. RESULTS Efficient strategies for the screening and surveillance… CONTINUE READING
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