Epidemiology; diagnosis, and treatment of male hypogonadotropic hypogonadism

  title={Epidemiology; diagnosis, and treatment of male hypogonadotropic hypogonadism},
  author={A. Lenzi and G. Balercia and A. Bellastella and A. Colao and A. Fabbri and C. Foresta and M. Galdiero and L. Gandini and C. Krausz and G. Lombardi and F. Lombardo and M. Maggi and A. Radicioni and R. Selice and A. Sinisi and G. Forti},
  journal={Journal of Endocrinological Investigation},
Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH), or secondary hypogonadism, is a clinical condition due to an impairment of the pituitary function, characterized by low testosterone plasma levels associated with normal or low FSH and LH plasma levels. An impairment of gonadotropin secretion and, therefore, a reduced efficiency of spermatogenesis was reported to be frequently associated to conditions different from the classical causes of secondary hypogonadism. These conditions (metabolic, endocrine and… Expand
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