Epidemiology, course, and outcome of eating disorders

@article{Smink2013EpidemiologyCA,
  title={Epidemiology, course, and outcome of eating disorders},
  author={Fr{\'e}d{\'e}rique R. E. Smink and Daphne van Hoeken and Hans W. Hoek},
  journal={Current Opinion in Psychiatry},
  year={2013},
  volume={26},
  pages={543–548}
}
Purpose of review To review the recent literature about the epidemiology, course, and outcome of eating disorders in accordance with the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Recent findings The residual category ‘eating disorder not otherwise specified’ (EDNOS) was the most common DSM-IV eating disorder diagnosis in both clinical and community samples. Several studies have confirmed that the DSM-5 criteria for eating disorders effectively reduce… 
The prevalence, correlates, and help-seeking of eating disorders in Switzerland
TLDR
Given that more than half of those affected have never consulted any professional about their problems with eating or weight, routine inquiries about eating and weight by clinicians, school teachers/psychologists, and family members may help those who are at risk, especially among men.
Epidemiology of eating disorders in Africa
TLDR
The epidemiological study of eating disorders in Africa is still in its infancy and no cases of anorexia nervosa were reported in African epidemiological studies, which concurs with the very low prevalence rates in Latin Americans and in African Americans in the USA.
Classification, epidemiology and treatment of DSM-5 feeding and eating disorders.
  • H. Hoek
  • Medicine
    Current opinion in psychiatry
  • 2013
TLDR
The five articles in the eating disorder section in this issue of the journal focus on the changes in DSM criteria and the implications for the classification, epidemiology, treatment and neurobiological research of feeding and eating disorders.
Eating disorders in children and adolescents: what does the gynecologist need to know?
TLDR
Eating disorders are illnesses with biological, psychological, and social implications that commonly present in childhood and adolescence and early diagnosis and family-based treatment are associated with improved outcomes in children and adolescents.
Epidemiology of eating disorders in Latin America: a systematic review and meta-analysis
TLDR
The findings show that eating disorders are common mental disorders in Latin America, however, some facets of Latin American culture might be protective for the development of anorexia nervosa and increase the risk for bulimia nervosaand BED.
Eating psychopathology and psychosocial impairment in patients treated at a Singapore eating disorders treatment programme.
TLDR
Levels of eating psychopathology and psychosocial impairment among individuals diagnosed with eating disorders at a Singapore hospital are described and the related psychopathology of these patients are compared.
Eating Disorders in Schizophrenia: Implications for Research and Management
TLDR
The clearest message of this review is the importance of screening for and assessment of comorbid EDs in schizophrenia patients, which requires a multidisciplinary approach to attain maximized health outcomes.
Review of the burden of eating disorders: mortality, disability, costs, quality of life, and family burden
TLDR
People with a current or former eating disorder are at risk of increased mortality, high YLD rates, a reduced quality of life, increased costs, and problems with childbearing.
A review of eating disorders in males
TLDR
Contrary to earlier suggestions, no differences in eating disorder symptoms such as binging, vomiting, or laxative abuse were observed between the sexes and males tended to score lower on eating disorder symptom measures than females.
Childhood maltreatment and eating disorder pathology: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis
TLDR
CM, regardless of type, is associated with the presence of all types of ED and with severity parameters that characterize these illnesses in a dose dependent manner.
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References

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TLDR
The strength of the bodies of literature was moderate for factors associated with AN and BN outcomes and weak for BED, and little to no data was available to compare results based on sociodemographic characteristics.
Update on course and outcome in eating disorders.
TLDR
Results support optimism for most patients with eating disorders, however, more effective treatments are needed for adult AN inpatients and approximately 30% of patients with BN and related EDNOS who remain ill 10-20 years following presentation.
Epidemiology and course of anorexia nervosa in the community.
TLDR
The authors found a substantially higher lifetime prevalence and incidence of anorexia nervosa than reported in previous studies, most of which were based on treated cases.
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TLDR
The changes to eating disorders, recommended by the Eating Disorders Work Group, aim to clarify existing criteria and to decrease the frequency with which individuals are assigned to the heterogeneous residual category, eating disorder not otherwise specified, which provides little clinical utility.
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TLDR
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TLDR
Examination of prevalence and clinical correlates of eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) in the US population increases the understanding of the clinical relevance of EDNOS.
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TLDR
The lifetime prevalence and long-term course of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) in an adult female twin population is examined and the DSM-IV diagnosis EDNOS needs to be considered in studies of the prevalence and course of eating disorders.
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TLDR
Proposed criteria set for DSM-5 substantially reduce the number of EDNOS cases, however, the BCD-ED scheme further reduces its proportion, almost eliminating it.
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TLDR
The results of this study on differences in outcome and low crossover support the diagnostic distinction between anorexia nervosa and BN in the DSM-IV.
Outcome of eating disorders.
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TLDR
Diagnostic crossover from bulimia nervosa to other eating disorders is a rather rare phenomenon, whereas the high rates of partial eating disorders may explain a large proportion of chronic courses.
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