Epidemiological trends in skin mycoses worldwide

  title={Epidemiological trends in skin mycoses worldwide},
  author={Blanka Havl{\'i}{\vc}kov{\'a} and Viktor A. Czaika and Markus Friedrich},
Fungal infections of the skin and nails are a common global problem. The high prevalence of superficial mycotic infections shows that 20–25% of the world’s population has skin mycoses, making these one of the most frequent forms of infection. Pathogens responsible for skin mycoses are primarily anthropophilic and zoophilic dermatophytes from the genera Trichophyton (T.), Microsporum (M.) and Epidermophyton (E.). There appears to be considerable inter‐ and intra‐continental variability in the… 
Superficial Fungal Infections
The clinical pictures can be subdivided into infections that induce minimal or no inflammatory response, e.g., pityriasis versicolor, tinea nigra, or piedra, and those that induce cutaneous inflammation such as cutaneous candidosis and tinea.
Spectrum of Dermatophytic Fungal Infection in Tertiary Care Hospital, Davanagere
Clinical-epidemiological data is helpful for creating public awareness and for development of diagnostic, preventive and treatment strategies for Dermatophytes causing skin, hair and nail infections.
The benefits of combination therapy in dermatomycoses
This review focuses on a prominent member of the azole class, isoconazole nitrate (ISN), a proven safe and well-tolerated agent widely used today for antifungal treatment and an active antibacterial agent against gram-positive bacteria.
Superficial mycoses, a matter of concern: Global and Indian scenario‐an updated analysis
This review article covers the global and Indian scenario of superficial mycoses taking into account the historical background, aetiological agents, prevalence, cultural and environmental factors, risk factors, pathogenesis and hygienic practices for the prevention of superficialMycoses.
Distribution and prevalence of dermatophytosis in tertiary care hospital
The actual prevalence of fungal diseases and their most common causative agents among children and adults in Udaipur are unknown and a proper policy in tertiary care hospitals to provide effective treatment as well as prevent the misuse of Antifungal drugs is needed.
The word ‘superficial’ indicates the infection on the skin. The superficial fungal infections are most common in the world and about 70% of the world’s population is affected. The Dermatophytes are
Dermatophytosis: from bench to bedside
An updated brief summary and basic knowledge of dermatophytosis is presented which may be beneficial to clinical applications, new treatment developments and further scientific research.
Epidemiological studies on Dermatophytosis in human patients in Himachal Pradesh, India
The epidemiological data regarding the prevalence of different dermatophyte species involved in superficial mycoses in human patients in the state of Himachal Pradesh (India) and different clinical conditions, age and sex of the patients are presented.
Epidemiology of Superficial Fungal Infections in Iran Army Personnel
The overall trend of SFIs in recent years has been declining, but it is still a common problem of army personnel, especially in Naval Force and in warm and humid areas.
Mixed infections are a critical factor in the treatment of superficial mycoses
Prevalence, frequency and fungal agents found in superficial fungal mixed infections and consequences for diagnostics and treatment are analyzed.


Updates on the Epidemiology of Dermatophyte Infections
The spectrum of dermatophytes isolated from skin lesions had changed in last 70 years and this evolution is typical for Central and North Europe and it needs to be connected with the increase in the incidence of tinea pedis, which represents a considerable economic problem.
Ecology and epidemiology of dermatophyte infections.
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Dermatophyte infections.
Oral therapy is preferred for tinea capitis, tinea barbae, and onychomycosis and "pulse" oral therapy with the newer imidazoles (itraconazole or fluconazole) or allylamines (terbinafine) is considerably less expensive than continuous treatment but has a somewhat lower mycologic cure rate.
Species distribution and antifungal susceptibilities of dermatophytes during a one year period at a university hospital in Turkey
All antifungals were shown to be highly effective and itraconazoles and naftifine appeared more active than ketoconazole and oxiconazole, and the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards M38‐P standard for filamentous fungi.
Prevalence of Dermatophytoses in the Zarqa District of Jordan
A total of 350 clinically suspected cases of dermatomycoses were examined for causative fungi during July 1997 to September 1998, with the highest number of cases of tinea pedis and tinea cruris occurring in the summer months, while tinea capitis, tinea corporis andTinea unguium occurred in the spring and winter months.
A U.S. epidemiologic survey of superficial fungal diseases.
[Epidemiology and ecology of dermatophytoses in the City of Fortaleza: Trichophyton tonsurans as important emerging pathogen of Tinea capitis].
In scalp infections it was observed that, there was an absolute prevalence of T. tonsurans, different from the statistical data collected in the southeast and south of Brazil, as well as from other areas of the world, which still show M. canis as the most frequent microorganism isolated in Tinea capitis.
Dermatophytes and other fungi associated with skin mycoses in Tripoli, Libya.
This study sought to determine the prevalence of skin infections and their causative agents in the Libyan population and identified trichophyton violaceum as the most common etiological agent, responsible for 44% of dermatophyte infections.
Survey of Dermatophyte Infections in the Lausanne Area (Switzerland)
Analysis of the localisation of the isolated fungi confirms that the dermatophyte species have a predilection for certain body areas and reveals the importance of T. rubrum and the appreciable frequency of M. canis in the Swiss autochthonous population and the apparition of new species with immigrants.
Epidemiology of dermatomycoses of humans in Central Poland. Part III. Tinea pedis
The total number of dermatophytoses (7393) included 2025 (27.4%) tinea pedis cases. Etiological factors in descending order by contribution were: Trichophyton rubrum (41.7%), Trichophyton