Epidemiological risk factors for clinical malaria infection in the highlands of Western Kenya

@article{Essendi2019EpidemiologicalRF,
  title={Epidemiological risk factors for clinical malaria infection in the highlands of Western Kenya},
  author={Walter Miding’a Essendi and Anne M. Vardo-Zalik and Eugenia Lo and Maxwell G. Machani and Guofa Zhou and Andrew Karanja Githeko and Guiyun Yan and Yaw A. Afrane},
  journal={Malaria Journal},
  year={2019},
  volume={18}
}
BackgroundUnderstanding the complex heterogeneity of risk factors that can contribute to an increased risk of malaria at the individual and household level will enable more effective use of control measures. The objective of this study was to understand individual and household factors that influence clinical malaria infection among individuals in the highlands of Western Kenya.MethodsThis was a matched case–control study undertaken in the Western Kenya highlands. Clinical malaria cases were… Expand
Spatial and epidemiological drivers of Plasmodium falciparum malaria among adults in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
TLDR
Assessment of malaria risk factors among adults using samples from the nationally representative, cross-sectional 2013–2014 Demographic and Health Survey conducted in the Democratic Republic of the Congo found education, wealth, and modern housing showed protective associations in cities but not in rural areas. Expand
Malaria risk factors in northern Namibia: The importance of occupation, age and mobility in characterizing high-risk populations
TLDR
A number of environmental factors were associated with increased risk of malaria, including lower temperatures, higher rainfall and increased vegetation for the 30 days prior to diagnosis and residing more than 5 minutes from a health facility. Expand
Spatial and epidemiological drivers of P. falciparum malaria among adults in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
TLDR
Education, wealth, and modern housing showed protective associations in cities but not in rural areas, while differences in risk factors by urbanicity may be due to differences in transmission intensity or access to resources. Expand
Risk factors for malaria infection prevalence and household vector density between mass distribution campaigns of long-lasting insecticidal nets in North-western Tanzania
TLDR
While children living in households with access to LLINs were at lower risk of malaria, infection prevalence remained high even among users of LLIns in good condition, three years after the mass distribution campaign and despite top-ups, LLIN usage had declined considerably. Expand
Epidemiology of falciparum malaria among residents of some rural and periurban communities in Ekiti State, Southwestern Nigeria.
TLDR
It is apparent that falciparum malaria is heavily prevalent in this study area and as such urgent management control measures and interventions should be made available and fully utilized. Expand
Ten years of monitoring malaria trend and factors associated with malaria test positivity rates in Lower Moshi
TLDR
In Lower Moshi, the risk of being tested positive for malaria was highest for older children and male individuals and higher minimum and lower maximum temperatures were the strongest climatic predictors for malaria test positivity rates. Expand
Rapid shifts in the age-specific burden of malaria following successful control interventions in four regions of Uganda
TLDR
A shift in the burden of malaria from younger to older individuals following implementation of successful control interventions in Uganda is demonstrated, which has important implications for malaria prevention, surveillance, case management and control strategies. Expand
Trends in malaria prevalence and risk factors associated with the disease in Nkongho-mbeng; a typical rural setting in the equatorial rainforest of the South West Region of Cameroon
TLDR
The prevalence of malaria amongst patients receiving treatment in the health center from 2015 to 2019 decreased significantly and linearly from 9.74% to 3.08% respectively, and Trends in malaria morbidity were determined. Expand
Malaria among febrile neonates attending the neonatology unit of the Bamenda regional hospital
TLDR
Routine malaria test is recommended especially for all neonates who presents with both signs of “fever + refusal to feed”, in malaria endemic regions, as well as malaria predisposing factors on malaria parasitaemia. Expand
Is the source of domestic water associated with the risk of malaria infection? Spatial variability and a mixed-effects multilevel analysis.
TLDR
Non-piped source of domestic water was independently associated with malaria positivity and regions with a high percentage of non-piping source of residential water had a corresponded high prevalence of malaria. Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 27 REFERENCES
Plasmodium infection and its risk factors in eastern Uganda
TLDR
It is demonstrated that mosquito net usage remains inadequate and is strongly associated with risk of malaria among school-aged children, and the importance of increasing net coverage, especially among school -aged children. Expand
Prevalence and risk factors of malaria among children in southern highland Rwanda
TLDR
Plasmodium falciparum infection in the highlands surrounding Butare, Rwanda, is seen in one out of six children under five years of age, and the abundance of seemingly asymptomatic infections in the community forms a reservoir for transmission in this epidemic-prone area. Expand
Identifying risk factors for Plasmodium infection and anaemia in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo
TLDR
In areas of low transmission in Kinshasa, the peak prevalence occurs in older age groups however ITN use was highest in children under 5 years, and Insecticide-treated net (ITN) use was associated with a lower risk of malaria infection in children 6–59 months in the high transmission HZs. Expand
Prevalence and risk factors of malaria in Ethiopia
TLDR
Individuals with poor socio-economic conditions are positively associated with malaria infection and spraying anti-malaria to the house was found to be one means of reducing the risk of malaria. Expand
Risk of malaria attacks in Gambian children is greater away from malaria vector breeding sites.
TLDR
Findings show that significant differences in the risk of infection and clinical attacks can occur over very short distances, and the age at which protective immunity is acquired may be delayed in villages where transmission intensity is lower, thus increasing therisk of a clinical attack following infection. Expand
Identification of hot spots of malaria transmission for targeted malaria control.
TLDR
Serological markers were able to detect spatial variation in malaria transmission at the microepidemiological level, and they have the potential to form an effective method for spatial targeting of malaria control efforts. Expand
Surveillance of malaria vector population density and biting behaviour in western Kenya
TLDR
This study suggests that mass distribution of ITNs has had a significant impact on vector densities, species distribution and sporozoite rate, however, shift of biting time poses significant threats to the current malaria vector control strategies which heavily rely on indoor controls. Expand
Identification of malaria transmission and epidemic hotspots in the western Kenya highlands: its application to malaria epidemic prediction
TLDR
This study showed that the V-shaped ecosystems have very low malaria prevalence and few individuals with an immune response to two major malaria antigens and they can be considered as epidemic hotspots and these populations are at higher risk of severe forms of malaria during hyper-transmission seasons. Expand
High burden of malaria following scale-up of control interventions in Nchelenge District, Luapula Province, Zambia
TLDR
The burden of malaria in Nchelenge District, Zambia remained high and the high parasite prevalence could accurately reflect the true burden, perhaps in part as a consequence of population movement, or improved access to care and case reporting. Expand
Malaria Incidence and Prevalence Among Children Living in a Peri-Urban Area on the Coast of Benin, West Africa: A Longitudinal Study
TLDR
Considering the high pyrethroids resistance, indoor residual spraying with either a carbamate or an organophospate insecticide may have a major impact on the malaria burden. Expand
...
1
2
3
...