Epidemiological methods to tackle causal questions.

  title={Epidemiological methods to tackle causal questions.},
  author={Michael Rutter},
  journal={International journal of epidemiology},
  volume={38 1},
It is a dull day when there is not at least one media report of a claim that research has identified some new environmental cause of disease. Such claimed causes concern a wide range of supposed hazards including medical interventions such as the measlesmumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, the thimerasol (mercury) preservative in other vaccines, dietary factors of many different kinds (coffee, alcohol, food additives, etc.), prenatal stresses or the intra-uterine exposure to the effects of maternal… CONTINUE READING
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