Epidemiologic studies of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular disease and ETS exposure from spousal smoking.

@article{Thun1999EpidemiologicSO,
  title={Epidemiologic studies of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular disease and ETS exposure from spousal smoking.},
  author={Michael J. Thun and Jane Henley and Louis Apicella},
  journal={Environmental Health Perspectives},
  year={1999},
  volume={107},
  pages={841 - 846}
}
This article reviews the epidemiologic studies of the association of ischemic heart disease risk and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure from a spouse who smokes. Seventeen studies (nine cohort, eight case-control) comprising more than 485,000 lifelong nonsmokers and 7,345 coronary heart disease (CHD) events were included in a meta-analysis. Together, these studies include 36% more CHD events and 58% more study subjects than were available for review by the U. S. Occupational Safety and… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Coronary Heart Disease Mortality in the United States—A Meta-Analysis and Critique
TLDR
An objective assessment of the available epidemiologic evidence indicates that the association of ETS with CHD death in U.S. never smokers is very weak, and previous assessments appear to have overestimated the strength of the association.
The impact of environmental tobacco smoke on women's risk of dying from heart disease: a meta-analysis.
TLDR
Among nonsmoking women, exposure to passive smoke increases the risk of dying from heart disease, and the newly developed guidelines by the American Heart Association for prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in women are recommended.
Environmental tobacco smoke and tobacco related mortality in a prospective study of Californians, 1960-98
TLDR
The results do not support a causal relation between environmental Tobacco smoke and tobacco related mortality, although they do not rule out a small effect, and the association between exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and coronary heart disease and lung cancer may be considerably weaker than generally believed.
Mortality among lifelong nonsmokers exposed to secondhand smoke at home: cohort data and sensitivity analyses.
TLDR
Relative risk estimates adjusted for age, ethnicity, marital status, and socioeconomic position showed a significantly greater mortality risk for never smokers living in households with smokers, with excess mortality attributed to tobacco-related diseases, particularly ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease, but not lung cancer.
Environmental tobacco smoke and mortality in Chinese women who have never smoked: prospective cohort study
TLDR
In Chinese women, exposure to environmental tobacco smoke is related to moderately increased risk of all cause mortality and mortality due to lung cancer and cardiovascular disease.
Cigarette Smoking Among Spouses: Another Risk Factor for Stroke in Women
TLDR
New evidence is provided linking spousal smoking to stroke among a nationally representative sample of women who participated in the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Epidemiologic Follow-Up Study.
Second-Hand Tobacco Smoke and Cardiovascular Disease Risk: An Epidemiological Review
TLDR
With the implementation of statewide and nationwide public smoke-free legislation across the United States and Europe over the last 10–15 years, there has been a significant and reciprocal decline in the incidence of emergency admissions for ACS by an average 17% despite persistent attempts on the part of the tobacco industry to diminish the correlation between SHS exposure and CHD.
Lifetime cumulative exposure to secondhand smoke and risk of myocardial infarction in never smokers: results from the Western New York health study, 1995-2001.
TLDR
In the absence of high levels of recent exposure to secondhand smoke, cumulative lifetime exposure to SHS may not be as important a risk factor for MI as previously thought.
Mortality and morbidity from coronary heart disease attributable to passive smoking.
TLDR
Using an evidence-based approach reveals a substantial burden of passive smoking in terms of CHD mortality and morbidity reflected by six CHD deaths and 10 incident CHD cases every day in Germany.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 75 REFERENCES
Environmental tobacco smoke and coronary heart disease in the American Cancer Society CPS-II cohort.
TLDR
Results are consistent with prior reports that never-smokers currently exposed to ETS have about 20% higher CHD death rates, however, the data do not show consistent dose-response trends and are possibly subject to confounding by unmeasured risk factors.
Passive smoking and the risk of coronary heart disease--a meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies.
BACKGROUND The effect of passive smoking on the risk of coronary heart disease is controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis of the risk of coronary heart disease associated with passive smoking
Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and the risk of heart attack.
TLDR
Exposure to ETS exposure during adulthood increased the risk of myocardial infarction approximately 50% in this data although the findings were not statistically significant.
Publication bias in the environmental tobacco smoke/coronary heart disease epidemiologic literature.
TLDR
Two approaches are used to assess publication bias in the environmental tobacco smoke/coronary heart disease (ETS/CHD) literature: statistical tests applied to all sex-specific relative risk estimates from 14 previously published studies indicate that publication bias is likely, and comparison of pooled relative risk figures indicates that published data overestimate the association of spousal smoking and CHD.
Effects of passive smoking on ischemic heart disease mortality of nonsmokers. A prospective study.
TLDR
The hypothesis that nonsmoking women exposed to their husband's cigarette smoke would have an elevated risk of fatal ischemic heart disease is compatible with the hypothesis that passive cigarette smoking carries an excess risk of fatalities.
[Women's passive smoking and coronary heart disease].
  • Y. He
  • Medicine
    Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine]
  • 1989
TLDR
It was found that the metabolism of HDL-cholesterol and apolipoproteins with passive smokers was abnormal and the relationship with CHD and passive smoking still existed.
A prospective study of passive smoking and coronary heart disease.
TLDR
Regular exposure to passive smoking at home or work increases the risk of CHD among nonsmoking women, and there was no relation apparent between duration of living with a smoker and risk ofCHD.
Heart disease mortality in nonsmokers living with smokers.
TLDR
A small but measurable risk for arteriosclerotic heart disease among nonsmokers who live with smokers in Washington County, Maryland, in 1963 is suggested.
Deaths from all causes in non-smokers who lived with smokers.
TLDR
Risks from passive smoking were slightly elevated for several causes among men and women, and may be broader than those previously reported.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...