Epidemiologic risk factors for esophageal cancer development.

  title={Epidemiologic risk factors for esophageal cancer development.},
  author={Wei-min Mao and Wei-Hui Zheng and Zhi-Qiang Ling},
  journal={Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP},
  volume={12 10},
In retrospective studies of esophageal cancer (EC), cigarettes and hookah smoking, nass use (a chewing tobacco product), opium consumption, hot tea drinking, poor oral health, low intake of fresh fruit and vegetables, and low socioeconomic status have been associated with a higher risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Barrett's esophagus is clearly recognized as a risk factor for EC, and dysplasia remains the only factor useful for identifying patients at increased risk, for the… CONTINUE READING