Epidemiologic links between drug use and HIV epidemics: an international perspective.

  title={Epidemiologic links between drug use and HIV epidemics: an international perspective.},
  author={Chris Beyrer and Andrea L Wirtz and Stefan David Baral and Alena Peryskina and Frangiscos G Sifakis},
  journal={Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes},
  volume={55 Suppl 1},
Injecting use of heroin has been the highest risk substance use behavior for HIV since the beginning of the pandemic. These risks extend beyond individual levels to networks of drugs users and to wider social contexts that have been referred to collectively as the risk environment. Investigations of individual, network, and risk environment level associations with heroin availability, use, and subsequent spread among injecting drug users (IDUs) have been conducted in multiple settings, but much… CONTINUE READING

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