Epicardial organization of human ventricular fibrillation.

  title={Epicardial organization of human ventricular fibrillation.},
  author={Kumaraswamy Nanthakumar and Gregory P. Walcott and Sharon Melnick and Jack M. Rogers and Matthew W. Kay and William M. Smith and Raymond E. Ideker and William R Holman},
  journal={Heart rhythm},
  volume={1 1},
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that on the epicardium of the in vivo human heart, ventricular fibrillation (VF) consists of chaotic small wavefronts that constantly change paths. BACKGROUND Despite the significance of VF to cardiovascular mortality, little is known about the wavefronts that constitute VF in humans. METHODS In 9 patients undergoing cardiac surgery, a single VF episode was induced by rapid pacing immediately after institution of… CONTINUE READING


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