Epaminondas and Thebes

@article{Cawkwell1972EpaminondasAT,
  title={Epaminondas and Thebes},
  author={George Law Cawkwell},
  journal={The Classical Quarterly},
  year={1972},
  volume={22},
  pages={254 - 278}
}
  • G. Cawkwell
  • Published 1 December 1972
  • History
  • The Classical Quarterly
Epaminondas the soldier has been much admired. His two great battles rank as masterpieces of the military art. Epaminondas himself perhaps regarded them as his greatest achievements, to judge by his last words as reported by Diodorus (15. 87). He had been carried from the battlefield of Mantinea with a spear stuck in his chest. The doctors declared that when the spear was removed he would die. After hearing that his own shield was safe and that the Boeotians had won, he ordered that the spear… 

Pausanias and Plutarch's Epaminondas

The view that Pausanias 9. 13. 1–15. 6 is a simple epitome of Plutarch's lost Epaminondas, first advanced by Wilamowitz in 1874 and later elaborated by Wilamowitz himself and by Ludwig Peper, has

The Corinthian War

The outcome of the Peloponnesian War had left many of the victors discontented. Sparta had totally disregarded the wishes and interests of her allies and had pursued a policy of aggressive expansion

The Nature of Hoplite Battle

How WAS a hoplite battle fought? Present orthodoxy holds that the two sides, after each stationed its soldiers about three feet apart and (usually) eight ranks deep, met in the so-called othismos or

Sparta as victor

THE LEADER OF GREECE The Greek world had long been accustomed to a situation in which there had been two sources of power, Athens and Sparta. The disappearance of Athenian power left the

"The Laws of the Fathers" versus "The Laws of the League": Xenophon on Federalism

MISSION AND ODDITY have long been identified as characteristics of Xenophon's Hellenica.1 There are numerous and prominent examples, as well as corresponding scholarly complaints about unscrupulous

Mesopotamia, 482–330 B.C.

Xerxes and his successors succeeded in consolidating imperial control over Mesopotamia. There is, at least, no explicit record of Babylonian resistance to Achaemenid rule after the revolts in the

South Italy in the fourth century B.C.

The fifteen decades which elapsed between the expedition to Sicily of the Athenians during the Peloponnesian War and the war between Pyrrhus of Epirus and the Romans are something of a heroic age in

Sources and their Uses

No guide comparable to Thucydides exists for the fourth century. This means that we have no firm framework for political and military events, and this lack is a serious obstacle to one sort of

Central Greece and the Politics of Power in the Fourth Century BC: Xenophon's speeches and the Theban Hegemony

The battle of Leuctra and the humiliation of Sparta were not only turning points in the history of fourth-century Greece; they were also milestones in the life of Xenophon. Compelled to abandon his

The polis and the alternatives

FOURTH-CENTURY ATHENS: THE MACHINERY OF GOVERNMENT Formally, Athens had the same constitution from the tribal reorganization of Cleisthenes in 508/7, or at any rate from the reform of the Areopagus

References

SHOWING 1-5 OF 5 REFERENCES

ÏG" II 2 . 1609 and the Transformation of the Second Athenian Sea-League

THIS INSCRIPTION is part of a naval record from the 'seventies or 'sixties of the fourth century. Its year is difficult to determine. The object of this paper is to review the considerations relevant

AaKeSaifiovlwv hnaiKOTiiiv irepl ras ©r/^as, ol fxkv Boicurol Bapptfaavres arvveorpdfirjtTav, K<XI KOIVTJV avfi.p.a)(ia.v TroirjaafievoL, hvvafuv a^ioXoyov owea-rrjaavTo