Variations of glycogen: I. Following stimulation of Knollenorgan sensory cells, a lateral line electroreceptor of mormyrid fish
Glycogen synthetase (22.214.171.124) forms I (independent or active) and D (dependent or passive) as well as the enzymes active in the transformation of the pathways, protein kinase and phosphatase transferase, were studied in the sensory cells and glycogen rich epidermal cells of the weakly electric fish Gnathonemus petersii (Mormyridae). For light microscopy an indirect cytochemical method which differentiated between glycogen originally present and that produced during incubation in the presence of UDPG was used. This differentiation was obtained by iodine, PAS and alpha and beta amylases. Glycogen synthetase is present in the sensory cells in the I and D forms. The epidermal cells only contain the D form. Protein kinase (active I yields D) has only been found in the sensory cells but phosphatase transferase (active D yields I) has been found in both the epidermal cells and the sensory cells, but only within certain organs. Electron microscopy studies of glycogen synthetase I and D and protein kinase were restricted to the sensory cells only. As with the light microscope it was possible to differentiate between native glycogen and newly formed glycogen. This was done using ultrathin sections and staining with uranyl acetate, lead citrate or by the PATAg reaction. It was possible from these observations to locate precisely the positions of these enzymes. In fact, glycogen synthetase I and D are found both in the sensory cytoplasm and in the sensory cavity with the polysaccharide filaments. Protein kinase is also abundant in the sensory cytoplasm especially in the periphery of the cell near the microvillary border.