Enzymatic esterification of eugenol and benzoic acid by a novel chitosan-chitin nanowhiskers supported Rhizomucor miehei lipase: Process optimization and kinetic assessments.

Abstract

A biotechnological route via enzymatic esterification was proposed as an alternative way to synthesize the problematic anti-oxidant eugenyl benzoate. The new method overcomes the well-known drawbacks of the chemical route in favor of a more sustainable reaction process. The present work reports a Box-Behnken design (BBD) optimization process to synthesize eugenyl benzoate by esterification of eugenol and benzoic acid catalyzed by the chitosan-chitin nanowhiskers supported Rhizomucor miehei lipase (RML-CS/CNWs). Effects of four reaction parameters: reaction time, temperature, substrate molar ratio of eugenol: benzoic acid and enzyme loading were assessed. Under optimum conditions, a maximum conversion yield as high as 66% at 50°C in 5h using 3mg/mL of RML-CS/CNWs, and a substrate molar ratio (eugenol: benzoic acid) of 3:1. Kinetic assessments revealed the RML-CS/CNWs catalyzed the reaction via a ping-pong bi-bi mechanism with eugenol inhibition, characterized by a Vmax of 3.83mMmin-1. The Michaelis-Menten constants for benzoic acid (Km,A) and eugenol (Km,B) were 34.04 and 138.28mM, respectively. The inhibition constant for eugenol (Ki,B) was 438.6mM while the turnover number (kcat) for the RML-CS/CNWs-catalyzed esterification reaction was 40.39min-1. RML-CS/CNWs were reusable up to 8 esterification cycles and showed higher thermal stability than free RML.

DOI: 10.1016/j.enzmictec.2017.09.004

Cite this paper

@article{Manan2018EnzymaticEO, title={Enzymatic esterification of eugenol and benzoic acid by a novel chitosan-chitin nanowhiskers supported Rhizomucor miehei lipase: Process optimization and kinetic assessments.}, author={Fatin Myra Abd Manan and Nursyafreena Attan and Zainoha Zakaria and Aemi S Abdul Keyon and Roswanira Abdul Wahab}, journal={Enzyme and microbial technology}, year={2018}, volume={108}, pages={42-52} }