Envy: An Adversarial Review and Comparison of Two Competing Views

@article{Crusius2019EnvyAA,
  title={Envy: An Adversarial Review and Comparison of Two Competing Views},
  author={Jan Crusius and Manuel F. Gonzalez and Jens Lange and Yochi Cohen-Charash},
  journal={Emotion Review},
  year={2019},
  volume={12},
  pages={21 - 3}
}
The nature of envy has recently been the subject of a heated debate. Some researchers see envy as a complex, yet unitary construct that despite being hostile in nature can lead to both hostile and nonhostile reactions. Others offer a dual approach to envy, in which envy’s outcomes reflect two types of envy: benign envy, involving upward motivation, and malicious envy, involving hostility against superior others. We compare these competing conceptualizations of envy in an adversarial (yet… 

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