Environmental tobacco smoke exposure among infants, children and young people: now is no time to relax

@article{Pugmire2016EnvironmentalTS,
  title={Environmental tobacco smoke exposure among infants, children and young people: now is no time to relax},
  author={Juliana Pugmire and Helen Sweeting and Laurence Moore},
  journal={Archives of Disease in Childhood},
  year={2016},
  volume={102},
  pages={117 - 118}
}
The detrimental effects of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS—also referred to as passive or secondhand smoke) exposure begin in utero as the placenta offers no barrier to ETS exposure. Maternal smoking during pregnancy increases a child's risk for reduced lung function, wheezing and asthma even in the absence of postnatal ETS exposure. Of course, many children exposed to tobacco in utero are also exposed postnatally. Compared with children raised in smoke-free environments, ETS-exposed children… 
Reducing pediatric exposure to environmental tobacco smoke: The effects of pediatric exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and the role of pediatric perioperative care
TLDR
The preoperative assessment of children presenting for procedures under general anesthesia is an opportune moment to screen for exposure to ETS and give information about the risks and cessation support (if applicable), and a suggested model for smoking cessation intervention is called Very Brief Advice.
Tobacco control policies in relation to child health and perinatal health outcomes
TLDR
How tobacco control measures may improve early life health outcomes and highlight key knowledge gaps is discussed and six key tobacco control policies that countries need to implement are formulated.
In utero and postnatal exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, blood pressure, and hypertension in children: the Seven Northeastern Cities study
TLDR
Prenatal and postnatal ETS exposure was significantly associated with increased odds of hypertension in children, especially in girls, and more significant associations were found in girls than in boys.
Indoor environment and tobacco smoke exposure in relation to allergic disease and lung function
TLDR
Findings from the studies included in this thesis suggest that exposure to maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with asthma and measures of airway obstruction, such as reduced FEV1/FVC ratios, up to adolescence.
Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Educational Self-Regulation and Achievement in First Grade High School Students
TLDR
A significant inverse relationship between environmental tobacco smoke and students’ educational self-regulation and achievement is indicated and it is essential to keep children away from tobacco smoke.
Kids Safe and Smokefree (KiSS) Multilevel Intervention to Reduce Child Tobacco Smoke Exposure: Long-Term Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial
TLDR
A multilevel treatment model integrating pediatric clinic-level AAR with individual-level, telephone counseling would promote greater long-term (12-month) child TSE reduction and parent smoking cessation than clinic- level AAR alone.
Smoking and vaping patterns during pregnancy and the postpartum: A longitudinal UK cohort survey
TLDR
Between 16% and 23% of pregnant smokers and ex-smokers vape during pregnancy, and most pregnant vapers also continue to smoke (dual use).

References

SHOWING 1-8 OF 8 REFERENCES
Exposure to parental smoking in childhood is associated with persistence of respiratory symptoms into young adult life.
TLDR
Use of data from the long-term population-based cohort of the TESAOD study found that parental ETS exposure in childhood significantly increases the risk of persistent cough, chronic cough, and wheeze into young adult life.
Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood exposure to secondhand smoke before and after smoke-free legislation in three UK countries
TLDR
Urgent action is needed to reduce inequalities in SHS exposure, including emphasis on reducing smoking in cars and homes, and socioeconomic patterning in these changes is examined.
Nicotine and the Developing Human: A Neglected Element in the Electronic Cigarette Debate.
TLDR
Human and animal data support that nicotine exposure during periods of developmental vulnerability has multiple adverse health consequences, including impaired fetal brain and lung development, and altered development of cerebral cortex and hippocampus in adolescents.
Impact of environmental tobacco smoke exposure on anaesthetic and surgical outcomes in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis
TLDR
ETS exposure increases the risk of anaesthetic complications and some negative surgical outcomes in children, and this should be considered when planning surgery.
Nicotine without smoke: Tobacco harm reduction. A report by the Tobacco Advisory Group
  • 2016
E-cigarettes: an evidence update
  • London: Public Health England,
  • 2015
Royal College of Physicians. Passive smoking and children. A report by the Tobacco Advisory Group
  • 2010