Environmental parasitology: What can parasites tell us about human impacts on the environment?

@article{Lafferty1997EnvironmentalPW,
  title={Environmental parasitology: What can parasites tell us about human impacts on the environment?},
  author={Kevin D Lafferty},
  journal={Parasitology today},
  year={1997},
  volume={13 7},
  pages={
          251-5
        }
}
There are a variety of ways that environmental changes affect parasites, suggesting that information on parasites can indicate anthropogenic impacts. Parasitism may increase if the impact reduces host resistance or increases the density of intermediate or definitive hosts. Parasitism may decrease if definitive or intermediate host density declines or parasites suffer higher mortality directly (eg. from toxic effects on parasites) or indirectly (infected hosts suffer differentially high… CONTINUE READING
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