Environmental mobilisation and organisations in post-socialist Europe and the former Soviet Union

  title={Environmental mobilisation and organisations in post-socialist Europe and the former Soviet Union},
  author={Joann Carmin and Adam Fagan},
  journal={Environmental Politics},
  pages={689 - 707}
How have environmental movements and organisations evolved in the two decades since the end of state socialism? Focusing upon how the impact of external forces, the core debates concern how changing political opportunities and access to resources as a consequence of European Union accession have impacted on environmental NGOs, as well as the effects more generally of contentious transnational assistance and tutelage offered to local activist networks by US and west European donors. Theoretical… 

Environmental Network Governance in Romania: Transnational Norm Entrepreneurs in the Shadow of the EU

This article examines how norm entrepreneurs achieved their environmental policy goals in Southeastern Europe under conditions hostile to the emergence of network modes of governance. Empirical data

Embedded Activism 2.0: Re-shaping the Space for Civil Society in Russia and China

Abstract NGOs have been seen as an integral part of civil society and a necessary feature of democratic transition. It has been argued that depoliticised NGOs in China ‘embedded’ in existing

Attitudes towards the environment: are post-Communist societies (still) different?

The causal processes that shape the emergence of environmental attitudes in post-Communist Europe are examined. We describe the widening gap in environmental policy orientations between West and

From nature protection to politics: the Russian environmental movement 1960–2010

The main stages of the USSR/Russian environmental movement's evolution, and the main forms of political activities under critical conditions such as the degradation of the Soviet system, its collapse

Environmental SMOs and resource mobilization in the post-communist vs the Northwest European context

Purpose This paper focuses on differences in resource mobilization opportunities among environmental social movement organizations (ESMOs), with empirical focus on ESMOs from five European

Transnational Networks and Paths to EU Environmental Compliance: Evidence from New Member States

This article examines transnational environmental networks as an important and thus far under-studied mechanism that can influence the pathways toward compliance with European Union (EU) legislation

Between continuities and social change: extra-parliamentary radical left in post-communist Romania

ABSTRACT The tendency to focus on formal organisations in Central and Eastern Europe overlook the emergence of fringe groups that developed a critical position towards the post-communist transition.

‘Roșia Montană, the revolution of our generation’: from environmental to total activism

ABSTRACT We analyse Roșia Montană environmental activism as a critical case that brings together an unusual combination of high levels of transactional activism and high levels of mass protests. We

Ecological distribution conflicts and sustainability: lessons from the post-socialist European semi-periphery

Understanding how ecological distribution conflicts (EDCs) have changed through the transition from socialism to capitalism in the European semi-periphery can provide valuable lessons for global

Post‐Accession Policy‐Making in Bulgaria and Romania: Can Non‐state Actors Use EU Rules to Promote Better Governance?

This article investigates whether EU accession can help Bulgaria and Romania limit state capture and the undue influence of business actors on the policy process. Particularly vulnerable to such



Setting Agendas and Shaping Activism: EU Influence on Central and Eastern European Environmental Movements

Accession to the European Union is shaping the development of environmental movements in Central and Eastern Europe by defining much of the agendas of environmental NGOs and by moulding the context

International Triggering Events, Transnational Networks, And The Development of Czech And Polish Environmental Movements

This study shows how international, intergovernmental, and transnational factors influence social movement formation and evolution by examining the Czech and Polish environmental movements between

NGO capacity and environmental governance in Central and Eastern Europe

Following the fall of state socialism in Central and Eastern Europe, it was envisioned that environmental NGOs would be integral to democratic process by engaging in environmental decision making and

Environmental movement and social change in the transition countries

The environmental movement in ECE has undergone profound transformation: the movement has shifted from being a mobilising agent for populist protest against the totalita of the Communist regime and

Environmental Pasts/Environmental Futures in Post-Socialist Europe

This contribution focuses on the limits of European Union programmes and accession practices on environmental policies and performance in Central and Eastern Europe. In particular, we document some

Regulating environmental space in socialist and post-socialist systems: Nature and landscape conservation in the Czech Republic

Political transition in central and eastern Europe (CEE) has been characterised by many as a linear progression from a Soviet-inspired system of state socialism to neo-liberal capitalism through

Environmental politics in Eastern Europe

The environmental problems of Eastern Europe are particularly severe, even allowing for difficulties of perspective. The communist past must bear a good share of blame for this, although geographical

Hungary: The Tricky Path of Building Environmental Governance

Hungary’s accession to the European Union (EU) has largely overlapped with the dual processes of democratization and marketization of the country. By applying for EU membership, Hungary has not only

Transnational aid for civil society development in post-socialist Europe: Democratic consolidation or a new imperialism?

Civil society development programmes are perhaps the most tangible aspect of transnational assistance to post-socialist Europe, yet the experience of Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH) suggests that the

Environment and transition in the Czech republic

In the Czech Republic, as elsewhere in east and central Europe, a neglected and abused environment symbolised many of the failures of the Soviet‐style planned system. In the post‐communist era the