Environmental impacts on health from continuous volcanic activity at Yasur (Tanna) and Ambrym, Vanuatu

@article{Cronin2002EnvironmentalIO,
  title={Environmental impacts on health from continuous volcanic activity at Yasur (Tanna) and Ambrym, Vanuatu},
  author={Shane J. Cronin and Donald Sharp},
  journal={International Journal of Environmental Health Research},
  year={2002},
  volume={12},
  pages={109 - 123}
}
  • S. Cronin, D. Sharp
  • Published 1 June 2002
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Continuous low-level basaltic volcanic activity, from Yasur Volcano in Tanna, and Marum and Benbow vents on Ambrym, occurred for as long as records have been kept in Vanuatu. The potential chronic health implications for the inhabitants of these two areas were investigated in a preliminary environmental sampling program. The focus was particularly on fluoride and other volcanic gas-derived chemical contamination in areas surrounding the volcanic centres. Little immediate contamination of the… 
Fluoride in Volcanic Areas: A Case Study in Medical Geology
Volcanic regions have always attracted many people worldwide because of the high fertility of their soils. However, human proximity to volcanoes can lead to several health problems as consequence of
Environmental mobility of potentially toxic trace elements of Andean volcanic ashes
This research investigate the geochemical environmental impact of ancient ash deposits erupted to hundreds of thousands to several million years ago in the southern Puna and neighbouring areas
Dental fluorosis linked to degassing of Ambrym volcano, Vanuatu: a novel exposure pathway
TLDR
The pathway of fluoride-enriched rainwater impacting upon human health as identified in this study has not previously been recognised in the aetiology of fluorosis, and is an important consideration for populations in the vicinity of degassing volcanoes, particularly where rainwater comprises the primary potable water supply for humans or animals.
A Mineralogical and Geochemical Assessment of the Potential Respiratory Health Hazard of Ash from Sakurajima Volcano, Japan.
Sakurajima Volcano, Kyushu Island is the most active volcano in Japan. Vulcanian eruptions have occurred almost constantly since 1955, and it continues to erupt hundreds of times a year, repeatedly
Mineralogical analyses and in vitro screening tests for the rapid evaluation of the health hazard of volcanic ash at Rabaul volcano, Papua New Guinea
The continuous ash and gas emissions from the Tavurvur cone in Rabaul caldera, Papua New Guinea, during 2007–08, raised concerns regarding how exposure would affect the respiratory health of nearby
Volcanic ash-leachates: a review and recommendations for sampling methods
Tephra in plumes can scavenge and thereby rapidly deposit volatiles including sulphur, halogen and metal species. These may then be leached (e.g. by rainfall), potentially releasing heavy loadings to
Volcanic ash-leachates : a review and recommendations for sampling methods
Tephra in plumes can scavenge and thereby rapidly deposit volatiles including sulphur, halogen and metal species. These may then be leached (e.g. by rainfall), potentially releasing heavy loadings to
Rapid release of metal salts and nutrients from the 2011 Grímsvötn, Iceland volcanic ash
Abstract On May 21st, 2011, one of Iceland’s most active volcano, Grimsvotn, started its strongest eruption in a century. Grimsvotn produced hundreds of megatonnes of fine basaltic ash, which spread
Dust Exposure, Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide and Respiratory Symptoms among Volcanic Rock Miners in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
TLDR
The strong association between working as a stone cutting and shaping with respiratory inflammation is suggested, and there is a need for respiratory mask type P2 use to protect workers from the exposure.
The respiratory health hazards of volcanic ash: a review for volcanic risk mitigation
Studies of the respiratory health effects of different types of volcanic ash have been undertaken only in the last 40 years, and mostly since the eruption of Mt. St. Helens in 1980. This review of
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 101 REFERENCES
Fluorosis of sheep caused by the Hekla eruption in 1970
For centuries, eruptions of the volcano Hekla in Iceland have caused serious damage to domestic animals. This study is concerned with the effect of the May 5, 1970 eruption. On that day, samples of
Uptake of fluoride into developing sheep teeth, following the 1995 volcanic eruption of Mt Ruapehu, New Zealand
Abstract In the southern Spring of 1995 (mid-October) the active volcano Mt Ruapehu in the central North Island of New Zealand erupted explosively, spreading up to 40 million m 3 of rhyolite tephra
Health hazards and disaster potential of ground gas emissions at Furnas volcano, São Miguel, Azores
A health hazard assessment of exposure to soil gases (carbon dioxide and radon) was undertaken in the village of Furnas, located in the caldera of an active volcano. A soil survey to map the area of
Gas and particle emissions from Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat, West Indies: characterization and health hazard assessment
Abstract The Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat, erupting since 18 July 1995, intensified its degassing in early 1996 with the continuing growth of the lava dome inside the summit crater. During
Fluoride: A review of its fate, bioavailability, and risks of fluorosis in grazed‐pasture systems in New Zealand
Abstract Fluoride (F) is an essential element for animal growth, not readily taken up by plants from soils, yet cases of acute fluorosis in grazing animals caused by ingestion of phosphatic
Agronomic impact of tephra fallout from the 1995 and 1996 Ruapehu Volcano eruptions, New Zealand
Abstract Eruptions from Ruapehu Volcano on 11 and 14 October 1995 and 17 June 1996 distributed at least 36×106 m3 of sulphur(S)-rich tephra over the central and eastern North Island of New Zealand.
Lichens as bioindicators in volcanic areas: Mt. Etna and Vulcano Island (Italy)
Abstract The aim of this paper is to verify whether lichens have the capacity to accumulate atmospheric contaminators linked to volcanic activity. About 100 lichens were collected in 1994 and 1995
Fluorine and metal enrichment of soils and pasture herbage in the old mining areas of Derbyshire, UK
Mining for lead, and more recently fluorspar, in the Peak District area of Derbyshire, UK, has resulted in extensive contamination of agricultural land with lead, zinc and fluorine. In this study the
Soufrière of guadeloupe 1976–1977 eruption — mass and energy transfer and volcanic health hazards
The Soufrière volcano in Guadeloupe island delivered a phreatic eruption that commenced on July 8th, 1976 and lasted until March 1st, 1977. This eruption was similar to the 1797, 1798, 1809 and 1956
LEACHABILITY OF URANIUM AND OTHER ELEMENTS FROM FRESHLY ERUPTED VOLCANIC ASH
Abstract A study of leaching of freshly erupted basaltic and dacitic air-fall ash and bomb fragment samples, unaffected by rain, shows that glass dissolution is the dominant process by which uranium
...
1
2
3
4
5
...